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  1. Modern programming languages offer abstractions that simplify software development and allow hardware to reach its full potential. These abstractions range from the well-established OpenMP language extensions to newer C++ features like smart pointers. To properly use these abstractions in an existing codebase, programmers must determine how a given source code region interacts with Program State Elements (PSEs) (i.e., the program's variables and memory locations). We call this process Program State Element Characterization (PSEC). Without tool support for PSEC, a programmer's only option is to manually study the entire codebase. We propose a profile-based approach that automates PSEC and provides abstraction recommendations to programmers. Because a profile-based approach incurs an impractical overhead, we introduce the Compiler and Runtime Memory Observation Tool (CARMOT), a PSEC-specific compiler co-designed with a parallel runtime. CARMOT reduces the overhead of PSEC by two orders of magnitude, making PSEC practical. We show that CARMOT's recommendations achieve the same speedup as hand-tuned OpenMP directives and avoid memory leaks with C++ smart pointers. From this, we argue that PSEC tools, such as CARMOT, can provide support for the rich ecosystem of modern programming language abstractions. 
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  2. High-level parallel languages (HLPLs) make it easier to write correct parallel programs. Disciplined memory usage in these languages enables new optimizations for hardware bottlenecks, such as cache coherence. In this work, we show how to reduce the costs of cache coherence by integrating the hardware coherence protocol directly with the programming language; no programmer effort or static analysis is required. We identify a new low-level memory property, WARD (WAW Apathy and RAW Dependence-freedom), by construction in HLPL programs. We design a new coherence protocol, WARDen, to selectively disable coherence using WARD. We evaluate WARDen with a widely-used HLPL benchmark suite on both current and future x64 machine structures. WARDen both accelerates the benchmarks (by an average of 1.46x) and reduces energy (by 23%) by eliminating unnecessary data movement and coherency messages. 
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  3. Modern and emerging architectures demand increasingly complex compiler analyses and transformations. As the emphasis on compiler infrastructure moves beyond support for peephole optimizations and the extraction of instruction-level parallelism, compilers should support custom tools designed to meet these demands with higher-level analysis-powered abstractions and functionalities of wider program scope. This paper introduces NOELLE, a robust open-source domain-independent compilation layer built upon LLVM providing this support. NOELLE extends abstractions and functionalities provided by LLVM enabling advanced, program-wide code analyses and transformations. This paper shows the power of NOELLE by presenting a diverse set of 11 custom tools built upon it. 
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  4. Automatic parallelizing compilers are often constrained in their transformations because they must conservatively respect data dependences within the program. Developers, on the other hand, often take advantage of domain-specific knowledge to apply transformations that modify data dependences but respect the application's semantics. This creates a semantic gap between the parallelism extracted automatically by compilers and manually by developers. Although prior work has proposed programming language extensions to close this semantic gap, their relative contribution is unclear and it is uncertain whether compilers can actually achieve the same performance as manually parallelized code when using them. We quantify this semantic gap in a set of sequential and parallel programs and leverage these existing programming-language extensions to empirically measure the impact of closing it for an automatic parallelizing compiler. This lets us achieve an average speedup of 12.6× on an Intel-based 28-core machine, matching the speedup obtained by the manually parallelized code. Further, we apply these extensions to widely used sequential system tools, obtaining 7.1× speedup on the same system. 
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  5. null (Ed.)