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  1. As machine learning becomes more widely adopted across domains, it is critical that researchers and ML engineers think about the inherent biases in the data that may be perpetuated by the model. Recently, many studies have shown that such biases are also imbibed in Graph Neural Network (GNN) models if the input graph is biased, potentially to the disadvantage of underserved and underrepresented communities. In this work, we aim to mitigate the bias learned by GNNs by jointly optimizing two different loss functions: one for the task of link prediction and one for the task of demographic parity. We further implement three different techniques inspired by graph modification approaches: the Global Fairness Optimization (GFO), Constrained Fairness Optimization (CFO), and Fair Edge Weighting (FEW) models. These techniques mimic the effects of changing underlying graph structures within the GNN and offer a greater degree of interpretability over more integrated neural network methods. Our proposed models emulate microscopic or macroscopic edits to the input graph while training GNNs and learn node embeddings that are both accurate and fair under the context of link recommendations. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach on four real world datasets and show that we can improve the recommendation fairness by several factors at negligible cost to link prediction accuracy. 
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  2. n recent years, we have seen the success of network representation learning (NRL) methods in diverse domains ranging from com- putational chemistry to drug discovery and from social network analysis to bioinformatics algorithms. However, each such NRL method is typically prototyped in a programming environment familiar to the developer. Moreover, such methods rarely scale out to large-scale networks or graphs. Such restrictions are problematic to domain scientists or end-users who want to scale a particular NRL method-of-interest on large graphs from their specific domain. In this work, we present a novel system, WebMILE to democ- ratize this process. WebMILE can scale an unsupervised network embedding method written in the user’s preferred programming language on large graphs. It provides an easy-to-use Graphical User Interface (GUI) for the end-user. The user provides the necessary in- put (embedding method file, graph, required packages information) through a simple GUI, and WebMILE executes the input network embedding method on the given input graph. WebMILE leverages a pioneering multi-level method, MILE (alternatively DistMILE if the user has access to a cluster), that can scale a network embed- ding method on large graphs. The language agnosticity is achieved through a simple Docker interface. In this demonstration, we will showcase how a domain scientist or end-user can utilize WebMILE to rapidly prototype and learn node embeddings of a large graph in a flexible and efficient manner - ensuring the twin goals of high productivity and high performance. 
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  3. Deep neural network (DNN) classifiers are powerful tools that drive a broad spectrum of important applications, from image recognition to autonomous vehicles. Unfortunately, DNNs are known to be vulnerable to adversarial attacks that affect virtually all state-of-the-art models. These attacks make small imperceptible modifications to inputs that are sufficient to induce the DNNs to produce the wrong classification. In this paper we propose a novel, lightweight adversarial correction and/or detection mechanism for image classifiers that relies on undervolting (running a chip at a voltage that is slightly below its safe margin). We propose using controlled undervolting of the chip running the inference process in order to introduce a limited number of compute errors. We show that these errors disrupt the adversarial input in a way that can be used either to correct the classification or detect the input as adversarial. We evaluate the proposed solution in an FPGA design and through software simulation. We evaluate 10 attacks and show average detection rates of 77% and 90% on two popular DNNs. 
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  4. null (Ed.)
    Multiplex networks are complex graph structures in which a set of entities are connected to each other via multiple types of relations, each relation representing a distinct layer. Such graphs are used to investigate many complex biological, social, and technological systems. In this work, we present a novel semi-supervised approach for structure-aware representation learning on multiplex networks. Our approach relies on maximizing the mutual information between local node-wise patch representations and label correlated structure-aware global graph representations to model the nodes and cluster structures jointly. Specifically, it leverages a novel cluster-aware, node-contextualized global graph summary generation strategy for effective joint-modeling of node and cluster representations across the layers of a multiplex network. Empirically, we demonstrate that the proposed architecture outperforms state-of-the-art methods in a range of tasks: classification, clustering, visualization, and similarity search on seven real-world multiplex networks for various experiment settings. 
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