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  1. Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), which describes the cell damage and death that occurs after blood and oxygen are restored to ischemic or hypoxic tissue, is a significant factor within the mortality rates of heart disease and stroke patients. At the cellular level, the return of oxygen triggers an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial calcium (mCa2+) overload, which both contribute to cell death. Despite the widespread occurrence of IRI in different pathological conditions, there are currently no clinically approved therapeutic agents for its management. In this Perspective, we will briefly discuss the current therapeutic options for IRI and then describe in great detail the potential role and arising applications of metal-containing coordination and organometallic complexes for treating this condition. This Perspective categorizes these metal compounds based on their mechanisms of action, which include their use as delivery agents for gasotransmitters, inhibitors of mCa2+ uptake, and catalysts for the decomposition of ROS. Lastly, the challenges and opportunities for inorganic chemistry approaches to manage IRI are discussed. 
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