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  5. High‐entropy alloys (HEAs) exhibit the outstanding properties, such as excellent antibacterial property, remarkable biocompatibility, and superior corrosion resistance, in the field of biomedical applications. Herein, the biomedical function of HEAs is summarized in aspects of the antibacterial behavior against planktonic gram‐negative/gram‐positive bacteria and biofilms, the biocompatibility inspired by low‐cytotoxicity alloying elements. Considering the corrosive service environment of biomedical device, the corrosion behavior and mechanism are discussed in terms of alloying elements (Al, Ni, Cr, and Cu) and microstructure (phase composition and grain size). Additionally, the promising approaches to simultaneously achieve biomedical function and corrosion resistance, the possible application of additive manufacturing, and the prospective effects of short‐range orderings on the corrosion resistance are simply discussed.

     
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  6. Understanding the relationship among elemental compositions, nanolamellar microstructures, and mechanical properties enables the rational design of high-entropy alloys (HEAs). Here, we construct nanolamellar AlxCoCuFeNi HEAs with alternating high– and low–Al concentration layers and explore their mechanical properties using a combination of molecular dynamic simulation and density functional theory calculation. Our results show that the HEAs with nanolamellar structures exhibit ideal plastic behavior during uniaxial tensile loading, a feature not observed in homogeneous HEAs. This remarkable ideal plasticity is attributed to the unique deformation mechanisms of phase transformation coupled with dislocation nucleation and propagation in the high–Al concentration layers and the confinement and slip-blocking effect of the low–Al concentration layers. Unexpectedly, this ideal plasticity is fully reversible upon unloading, leading to a remarkable shape memory effect. Our work highlights the importance of nanolamellar structures in controlling the mechanical and functional properties of HEAs and presents a fascinating route for the design of HEAs for both functional and structural applications.

     
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