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  1. Gong, Y. ; Kpogo, Y. (Ed.)
  2. Gong, Y. ; Kpogo, F. (Ed.)
    In acquiring morphology, the language learner faces the challenge of identifying both the form of morphemes and their location within words. For example, individuals acquiring Chamorro (Austronesian) must learn an agreement morpheme with the form -um- that is infixed before the first vowel of the stem (1a). This challenge is more difficult when a morpheme has multiple forms and/or locations: in some varieties of Chamorro, the same agreement morpheme appears as mu- prefixed on verbs beginning with a nasal/liquid consonant (1b). The learner could potentially overcome the acquisition challenge by employing strong inductive biases. This hypothesis is consistent with the typological finding that, across languages, morphemes occupy a restricted set of prosodically-defined locations (Yu, 2007) and there are strong correlations between morpheme form and position (Anderson, 1972). We conducted a series of artificial morphology experiments, modeled after the Chamorro pattern, that provide converging evidence for such inductive biases (Pierrehumbert & Nair, 1995; Staroverov & Finley, 2021). 
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