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  1. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    Sensitivity studies have shown that the 15 O(α, γ) 19 Ne reaction is the most important reaction rate uncertainty affecting the shape of light curves from Type I X-ray bursts. This reaction is dominated by the 4.03 MeV resonance in 19 Ne. Previous measurements by our group have shown that this state is populated in the decay sequence of 20 Mg. A single 20 Mg(βp α) 15 O event through the key 15 O(α, γ) 19 Ne resonance yields a characteristic signature: the emission of a proton and alpha particle. To achieve the granularity necessary for the identification of this signature, we have upgraded the Proton Detector of the Gaseous Detector with Germanium Tagging (GADGET) into a time projection chamber to form the GADGET II detection system. GADGET II has been fully constructed, and is entering the testing phase. 
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  2. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    15 O( α , γ ) 19 Ne is regarded as one of the most important thermonuclear reactions in type I X-ray bursts. For studying the properties of the key resonance in this reaction using β decay, the existing Proton Detector component of the Gaseous Detector with Germanium Tagging (GADGET) assembly is being upgraded to operate as a time projection chamber (TPC) at FRIB. This upgrade includes the associated hardware as well as software and this paper mainly focusses on the software upgrade. The full detector set up is simulated using the ATTPCROOTv 2 data analysis framework for 20 Mg and 241 Am. 
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  3. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    Experimental studies on astrophysical reactions involving radioactive isotopes (RI) often accompany technical challenges. Studies on such nuclear reactions have been conducted at the low-energy RI beam separator CRIB, operated by Center for Nuclear Study, the University of Tokyo. We discuss two cases of astrophysical reaction studies at CRIB; one is for the 7 Be+ n reactions which may affect the primordial 7 Li abundance in the Big-Bang nucleosynthesis, and the other is for the 22 Mg( α , p ) reaction relevantin X-raybursts. 
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  4. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    β -decay rates of neutron-rich nuclei, in particular those located at neutron shell closures, play a central role in simulations of the heavy-element nucleosynthesis and resulting abundance distributions. We present β -decay half-lives of even-even N = 82 and N = 126 r -process waiting-point nuclei calculated in the approach based on relativistic quasiparticle random phase approximation with quasiparticle-vibration coupling. The calculations include both allowed and first-forbidden transitions. In the N = 82 chain, the quasiparticlevibration coupling has an important impact close to stability, as it increases the contribution of Gamow-Teller modes and improves the agreement with the available data. In the N = 126 chain, we find the decay to proceed dominantly via first-forbidden transitions, even when the coupling to vibrations is included. 
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  5. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    Underground Nuclear Astrophysics Experiment in China (JUNA) has been commissioned by taking the advantage of the ultra-low background in Jinping underground lab. High current mA level 400 KV accelerator with an ECR source and BGO detectors were commissioned. JUNA studies directly a number of nuclear reactions important to hydrostatic stellar evolution at their relevant stellar energies. In the first quarter of 2021, JUNA performed the direct measurements of 25 Mg(p, γ ) 26 Al, 19 F(p, α ) 16 O, 13 C( α ,n) 16 O and 12 C( α , γ ) 16 O near the Gamow window. The experimental results reflect the potential of JUNA with higher statistics, precision and sensitivity of the data. The preliminary results of JUNA experiment and future plan are given. 
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  6. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    Metal-poor stars were formed during the early epochs when only massive stars had time to evolve and contribute to the chemical enrichment. Low-mass metal-poor stars survive until the present and provide fossil records of the nucleosynthesis of early massive stars. On the other hand, short-lived radionuclides (SLRs) in the early solar system (ESS) reflect the nucleosynthesis of sources that occurred close to the proto-solar cloud in both space and time. Both the ubiquity of Sr and Ba and the diversity of heavy-element abundance patterns observed in single metal-poor stars suggest that some neutron-capture mechanisms other than the r -process might have operated in early massive stars. Three such mechanisms are discussed: the weak s -process in non-rotating models with initial carbon enhancement, a new s -process induced by rapid rotation in models with normal initial composition, and neutron-capture processes induced by proton ingestion in non-rotating models. In addition, meteoritic data are discussed to constrain the core-collapse supernova (CCSN) that might have triggered the formation of the solar system and provided some of the SLRs in the ESS. If there was a CCSN trigger, the data point to a low-mass CCSN as the most likely candidate. An 11.8 M ⊙ CCSN trigger is discussed. Its nucleosynthesis, the evolution of its remnant, and the interaction of the remnant with the proto-solar cloud appear to satisfy the meteoritic constraints and can account for the abundances of the SLRs 41 Ca, 53 Mn, and 60 Fe in the ESS. 
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  7. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    Nucleosynthesis of iron-group elements in Type Ia supernovae is studied for single-degenerate models with the use of electron-capture rates updated with the new shell-model Hamiltonian in pf -shell. An over-production problem of neutron-rich iron-group isotopes compared with the solar abundances is now found to be suppressed within a factor of about twice for the updated weak rates. Effects of screening on nucleosynthesis are investigated for explosion models of fast deflagration and slow deflagration with delayed detonation. The e-capture rates are reduced by the screening, especially by the screening effects on the ions. The production yields of most neutron-rich isotopes such as 50 Ti, 54 Cr and 58 Fe are found to be suppressed most by the screening. The inclusion of the screening is desirable for precise evaluation of abundances of neutron-rich nuclides. 
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  8. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    In Type-I X-ray bursts (XRBs), the rapid-proton capture (rp-) process passes through the NiCu and ZnGa cycles before reaching the region above Ge and Se isotopes that hydrogen burning actively powers the XRBs. The sensitivity study performed by Cyburt et al . [1] shows that the 57 Cu(p, γ ) 58 Zn reaction in the NiCu cycles is the fifth most important rp-reaction influencing the burst light curves. Langer et al . [2] precisely measured some low-lying energy levels of 58 Zn to deduce the 57 Cu(p, γ ) 58 Zn reaction rate. Nevertheless, the order of the 1 + 1 and 2 + 3 resonance states that dominate at 0:2 ≲ T (GK) ≲ 0:8 is not confirmed. The 1 + 2 resonance state, which dominates at the XRB sensitive temperature regime 0:8 ≲ T (GK) ≲ 2 was not detected. Using isobaric-multipletmass equation (IMME), we estimate the order of the 1 + 1 and 2 + 3 resonance states and estimate the lower limit of the 1 + 2 resonance energy. We then determine the 57 Cu(p, γ ) 58 Zn reaction rate using the full pf -model space shell model calculations. The new rate is up to a factor of four lower than the Forstner et al . [3] rate recommended by JINA REACLIBv2.2. Using the present 57 Cu(p, γ ) 58 Zn, the latest 56 Ni(p, γ ) 57 Cu and 55 Ni(p, γ ) 56 Cu reaction rates, and 1D implicit hydrodynamic K epler code, we model the thermonuclear XRBs of the clocked burster GS 1826–24. We find that the new rates regulate the reaction flow in the NiCu cycles and strongly influence the burst-ash composition. The 59 Cu(p, γ ) 56 Ni and 59 Cu(p, α ) 60 Zn reactions suppress the influence of the 57 Cu(p, γ ) 58 Zn reaction. They strongly diminish the impact of the nuclear reaction flow that bypasses the 56 Ni waiting point induced by the 55 Ni(p, γ ) 56 Cu reaction on burst light curve. 
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  9. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    Up to now, more than 62 of the 115 X-ray sources of low-mass-X-ray binaries have been identified as photospheric radius expansion (PRE) bursters [1]. Galloway and collaborators expect more PRE bursters in their near future analysis [2]. Although more than half of the discovered X-ray sources are PRE bursters, the bursting mechanism of PRE burster is still not adequately understood. This is because of the complicated hydrodynamics and variable accretion rates. An example is the accretion-powered millisecond pulsar SAX J1808.4–3658 [3, 4] that powered up the brightest Type-I X-ray burst (XRB) recorded by NICER in recent history [5]. The first 1D multi-zone model of SAX J1808.4–3658 was recently constructed [6, 7]. The pioneering model offers a first concurrent and direct comparison with the observed light curves, fluences, and recurrence times. With the three observables, a comparison between theory and observations could be more sensitive than the previous studies of the clocked burster and post-processing models. We perform a sensitivity study on ( α ,p), ( α , γ ), (p, α ), and (p, γ ) reactions with a total up to ~1,500 reactions. Our current result indicates that the observables are more sensitive to the competition between the reactions involving alpha-capture, e.g., the 22 Mg( α , p) and 22 Mg(p, γ ) reactions competing at the 22 Mg branch point [8]. 
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  10. Liu, W. ; Wang, Y. ; Guo, B. ; Tang, X. ; Zeng, S. (Ed.)
    The neutron activation method is well-suited to investigate neutron-capture cross sections relevant for the main s-process component. Neutrons can be produced via the 7 Li(p,n) reaction with proton energies of 1912 keV at e.g. Van de Graaff accelerators, which results in a quasi-Maxwellian spectrum of neutrons corresponding to a temperature of k B T = 25 keV. However, the weak s-process takes place in massive stars at temperatures between 25 and 90 keV. Simulations using the PINO code [2] suggest that a Maxwellian spectrum for higher energies, e.g. k B T = 90 keV, can be approximated by a linear combination of different neutron spectra. To validate the PINO code at proton energies E p ≠ 1912 keV, neutron time-of-flight measurements were carried out at the PTB Ion Accelerator Facility (PIAF) at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt in Braunschweig, Germany. 
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