skip to main content

Title: Axial-type olivine crystallographic preferred orientations: The effect of strain geometry on mantle texture: STRAIN GEOMETRY CONTROLS OLIVINE TEXTURE
; ; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
4895 to 4922
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Mo 0.9 W 1.1 BC and ReWC 0.8 compositions have recently been identified to have exceptional hardness and incompressibility. In this work, these compositions are analyzed via in situ radial X-ray diffraction experiments to comparatively assess lattice strain and texture development. Traditionally, Earth scientists have employed these experiments to enhance understanding of dynamic activity within the deep Earth. However, nonhydrostatic compression experiments provide insight into materials with exceptional mechanical properties, as they help elucidate correlations between structural, elastic, and mechanical properties. Here, analysis of differential strain ( t / G ) and lattice preferred orientation in Mo 0.9 W 1.1more »BC suggests that dislocation glide occurs along the (010) plane in orthorhombic Mo 0.9 W 1.1 BC. The (200) and (002) planes support the highest differential strain, while planes which bisect two or three axes, such as the (110) or (191), exhibit relatively lower differential strain. In ReWC 0.8 , which crystallizes in a cubic NaCl-type structure, planar density is correlated to orientation-dependent lattice strain as the low-density (311) plane elastically supports more differential strain than the denser (111), (200), and (220) planes. Furthermore, results indicate that ReWC 0.8 likely supports a higher differential stress t than Mo 0.9 W 1.1 BC and, based on a lack of texture development, bulk plastic yielding is not observed in ReWC 0.8 upon compression to ∼60 GPa.« less