We develop a projected Nesterov’s proximal-gradient (PNPG) scheme for reconstructing sparse signals from compressive Poisson-distributed measurements with the mean signal intensity that follows an affine model with known intercept. The objective function to be minimized is a sum of convex data fidelity (negative log-likelihood (NLL)) and regularization terms. We apply sparse signal regularization where the signal belongs to a nonempty closed convex set within the domain of the NLL and signal sparsity is imposed using total-variation (TV) penalty. We present analytical upper bounds on the regularization tuning constant. The proposed PNPG method employs projected Nesterov’s acceleration step, function restart, and an adaptive step-size selection scheme that aims at obtaining a good local majorizing function of the NLL and reducing the time spent backtracking. We establish O(k⁻²) convergence of the PNPG method with step-size backtracking only and no restart. Numerical examples demonstrate the performance of the PNPG method.
Projected Nesterov's Proximal-Gradient Algorithm for Sparse Signal Recovery
We develop a projected Nesterov’s proximal-gradient (PNPG) approach for sparse signal reconstruction that combines adaptive step size with Nesterov’s momentum acceleration. The objective function that we wish to minimize is the sum of a convex differentiable data-fidelity (negative log-likelihood (NLL)) term and a convex regularization term. We apply sparse signal regularization where the signal belongs to a closed convex set within the closure of the domain of the NLL; the convex-set constraint facilitates flexible NLL domains and accurate signal recovery. Signal sparsity is imposed using the ℓ₁-norm penalty on the signal’s linear transform coefficients. The PNPG approach employs a projected Nesterov’s acceleration step with restart and a duality-based inner iteration to compute the proximal mapping. We propose an adaptive step-size selection scheme to obtain a good local majorizing function of the NLL and reduce the time spent backtracking. Thanks to step-size adaptation, PNPG converges faster than the methods that do not adjust to the local curvature of the NLL. We present an integrated derivation of the momentum acceleration and proofs of O(k⁻²) objective function convergence rate and convergence of the iterates, which account for adaptive step size, inexactness of the iterative proximal mapping, and the convex-set constraint. The tuning of PNPG more »
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