The noise sensitivity of a Boolean function f: {0,1}^n  > {0,1} is one of its fundamental properties. For noise parameter delta, the noise sensitivity is denoted as NS_{delta}[f]. This quantity is defined as follows: First, pick x = (x_1,...,x_n) uniformly at random from {0,1}^n, then pick z by flipping each x_i independently with probability delta. NS_{delta}[f] is defined to equal Pr [f(x) != f(z)]. Much of the existing literature on noise sensitivity explores the following two directions: (1) Showing that functions with low noisesensitivity are structured in certain ways. (2) Mathematically showing that certain classes of functions have low noise sensitivity. Combined, these two research directions show that certain classes of functions have low noise sensitivity and therefore have useful structure. The fundamental importance of noise sensitivity, together with this wealth of structural results, motivates the algorithmic question of approximating NS_{delta}[f] given an oracle access to the function f. We show that the standard sampling approach is essentially optimal for general Boolean functions. Therefore, we focus on estimating the noise sensitivity of monotone functions, which form an important subclass of Boolean functions, since many functions of interest are either monotone or can be simply transformed into a monotone functionmore »
Testing kMonotonicity
A Boolean {\em $k$monotone} function defined over a finite poset domain ${\cal D}$
alternates between the values $0$ and $1$ at most $k$ times on any ascending chain in ${\cal D}$. Therefore, $k$monotone functions are natural generalizations of the classical {\em monotone} functions, which are the {\em $1$monotone} functions.
Motivated by the recent interest in $k$monotone functions in the context of circuit complexity and learning theory, and by the central role that monotonicity testing plays in the context of property testing, we initiate a systematic study of $k$monotone functions, in the property testing model. In this model, the goal is to distinguish functions that are $k$monotone (or are close to being $k$monotone) from functions that are far from being $k$monotone.
Our results include the following:
\begin{enumerate}
\item We demonstrate a separation between testing $k$monotonicity and testing monotonicity, on the hypercube domain $\{0,1\}^d$, for $k\geq 3$;
\item We demonstrate a separation between testing and learning on $\{0,1\}^d$, for $k=\omega(\log d)$: testing $k$monotonicity can be performed with $2^{O(\sqrt d \cdot \log d\cdot \log{1/\eps})}$ queries, while learning $k$monotone functions requires $2^{\Omega(k\cdot \sqrt d\cdot{1/\eps})}$ queries (Blais et al. (RANDOM 2015)).
\item We present a tolerant test for functions $f\colon[n]^d\to \{0,1\}$ with complexity independent of $n$, which makes progress on a more »
 Award ID(s):
 1649515
 Publication Date:
 NSFPAR ID:
 10033552
 Journal Name:
 ITCS
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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