- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Energy & Environmental Science
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 1874 to 1884
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
More Like this
Optical design of perovskite solar cells for applications in monolithic tandem configuration with CuInSe2 bottom cellsAbstract: Monolithic integrated thin film tandem solar cells consisting of a high bandgap perovskite top cell and a low bandgap thin film bottom cell are expected to reach higher power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) with lower manufacturing cost and environmental impacts than the market-dominant crystalline silicon photovoltaics. There have been several demonstrations of 4-terminal and 2-terminal perovskite tandem devices with CuInGaSe 2 (CIGS) or CuInSe 2 (CIS) and, similar to the other tandem structures, the optimization of this device relies on optimal choice for the perovskite bandgap and thickness. Therefore, further advancement will be enabled by tuning the perovskite absorber to maximize the photocurrent limited by the current match condition. Here, we systematically study the optical absorption and transmission of perovskite thin films with varying absorber band gap. Based on these results, we model the photocurrent generations in both perovskite and CIS subcells and estimate the performances of projected tandem devices by considering the ideally functioning perovskite and CIS device. Our results show that for perovskite layers with 500 nm thickness the optimal bandgap is around 1.6 eV. With these configurations, PCEs above 20% could be achieved by monolithically integrated perovskite/CIS tandem solar cells. Also by modelling the absorption at everymore »
26.7% Efficient 4-Terminal Perovskite–Silicon Tandem Solar Cell Composed of a High-Performance Semitransparent Perovskite Cell and a Doped Poly-Si/SiOx Passivating Contact Silicon CellThe rapid rise in single-junction perovskite solar cell (PSC) efficiencies, tunable bandgap and low-cost solution processability make PSCs an attractive candidate for tandems with Si bottom cells. However, the challenge is to fabricate a high-performance semitransparent perovskite top cell in combination with an appropriate silicon bottom cell with high response to long wavelength photons that are filtered through the perovskite top cell. Currently, semitransparent perovskite cells show much lower performance compared to their opaque counterparts while high-performance silicon bottom cells, such as heterojunction with intrinsic thin layer (HIT) and interdigitated back contact (IBC), maybe too expensive to meet the cost and efficiency targets for commercial viability. Here, we demonstrate a 26.7% perovskite-Si four terminal (4T) tandem cell comprising a highly efficient 17.8% CsFAMAPbIBr semitransparent, 1.63-eV bandgap perovskite top cell and a ≥ 22% efficiency n-type Si bottom cell fabricated with a conventional boron diffused emitter on the front and carrier selective n+ poly-Si/SiOx passivated contact on the rear. This is among the highest efficiency perovskite/Si 4T tandems published to-date and represents the first demonstration of the use of the high temperature-resistant single side n-TOPCon Si cell in a 4T configuration.
CdSe is potentially an important material for making tandem junction solar cells with Si and CIGS. Thermodynamic calculations reveal the potential Shockley-Queisser efficiency of such a tandem cell to be in the 45% range. CdSe has the optimum bandgap (1.72eV) for a tandem cell with Si. In this paper, we show that this material system is indeed capable of achieving good electronic properties and reasonable devices can be made in the material. We report on fabricating CdSe materials and heterojunction CdSe solar cells in both superstrate and substrate configurations on FTO/glass and metal substrates. CdSe layer was deposited using thermal evaporation and then was post-treated with CdCl2 to enhance the grainsize and passivate grain boundaries. The device was an ideal heterojunction structure consisting of glass/FTO/n+CdS/ n-CdSe/p organic layer/NiO/ITO. The n+ CdS layer acted to prevent hole recombination at the n+/n interface, and the p organic layer (such as PEDOT:PSS or P3HT) acted to prevent electron recombination at the p+/n interface. The NiO layer was deposited on top of the organic layer to prevent decomposition of the organic layer during ITO deposition. World-record open-circuit voltages exceeding 800 mV and currents of ~15 mA/cm2 were obtained in devices. Detailed material measurements suchmore »
Maximizing the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells that can exceed the Shockley-Queisser single-cell limit requires a high-performing, stable perovskite top cell with a wide bandgap. We developed a stable perovskite solar cell with a bandgap of ~1.7 electron volts that retained more than 80% of its initial PCE of 20.7% after 1000 hours of continuous illumination. Anion engineering of phenethylammonium-based two-dimensional (2D) additives was critical for controlling the structural and electrical properties of the 2D passivation layers based on a lead iodide framework. The high PCE of 26.7% of a monolithic two-terminal wide-bandgap perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell was made possible by the ideal combination of spectral responses of the top and bottom cells.
Wide–band gap metal halide perovskites are promising semiconductors to pair with silicon in tandem solar cells to pursue the goal of achieving power conversion efficiency (PCE) greater than 30% at low cost. However, wide–band gap perovskite solar cells have been fundamentally limited by photoinduced phase segregation and low open-circuit voltage. We report efficient 1.67–electron volt wide–band gap perovskite top cells using triple-halide alloys (chlorine, bromine, iodine) to tailor the band gap and stabilize the semiconductor under illumination. We show a factor of 2 increase in photocarrier lifetime and charge-carrier mobility that resulted from enhancing the solubility of chlorine by replacing some of the iodine with bromine to shrink the lattice parameter. We observed a suppression of light-induced phase segregation in films even at 100-sun illumination intensity and less than 4% degradation in semitransparent top cells after 1000 hours of maximum power point (MPP) operation at 60°C. By integrating these top cells with silicon bottom cells, we achieved a PCE of 27% in two-terminal monolithic tandems with an area of 1 square centimeter.