Private information retrieval (PIR) allows a user to retrieve a desired message out of K possible messages from N databases (DBs) without revealing the identity of the desired message. In this work, we consider the problem of PIR from uncoded storage constrained DBs. Each DB has a storage capacity of μKL bits, where L is the size of each message in bits, and μ ∈ [1/N, 1] is the normalized storage. In the storage constrained PIR problem, there are two key challenges: a) construction of communication efficient schemes through storage content design at each DB that allow download efficient PIR; and b characterizing the optimal download cost via informationtheoretic lower bounds. The novel aspect of this work is to characterize the optimum download cost of PIR with storage constrained DBs for any value of storage. In particular, for any (N, K), we show that the optimal tradeoff between storage (μ) and the download cost (D(μ)) is given by the lower convex hull of the pairs ([t/N](1+[1/t]+[1/(t 2 )]+...+[1/(t K1 )])) for t = 1,2, ..., N. The main contribution of this paper is the converse proof, i.e., obtaining lower bounds on the download cost for PIR as a function of the available storage.
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PIR from Storage Constrained Databases  Coded Caching Meets PIR
Private information retrieval (PIR) allows a user to retrieve a desired message out of K possible messages from N databases without revealing the identity of the desired message. There has been significant recent progress on understanding fundamental informationtheoretic limits of PIR, and in particular the download cost of PIR for several variations. Majority of existing works however, assume the presence of replicated databases, each storing all the K messages. In this work, we consider the problem of PIR from storage constrained databases. Each database has a storage capacity of μKL bits, where K is the number of messages, L is the size of each message in bits, and μ ∈ [1/N, 1] is the normalized storage. In the storage constrained PIR problem, there are two key design questions: a) how to store content across each database under storage constraints; and b) construction of schemes that allow efficient PIR through storage constrained databases. The main contribution of this work is a general achievable scheme for PIR from storage constrained databases for any value of storage. In particular, for any (N, K), with normalized storage μ = t/N, where the parameter t can take integer values t ∈ {1, 2, ..., N}, we show that our proposed PIR scheme achieves a download cost of (1 + 1/t + 1/2 + ⋯ + 1/t K1 ). The extreme case when μ = 1 (i.e., t = N) corresponds to the setting of replicated databases with full storage. For this extremal setting, our scheme recovers the informationtheoretically optimal download cost characterized by Sun and Jafar as (1 + 1/N + ⋯ +1/N K1 ). For the other extreme, when μ = 1/N (i.e., t = 1), the proposed scheme achieves a download cost of K. The most interesting aspect of the result is that for intermediate values of storage, i.e., 1/N <; μ <; 1, the proposed scheme can strictly outperform memorysharing between extreme values of storage.
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 Award ID(s):
 1651492
 NSFPAR ID:
 10084302
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)
 Page Range / eLocation ID:
 1 to 7
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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