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Title: (CDC)-Rhodium-Catalyzed Hydroallylation of Vinylarenes and 1,3-Dienes with Allyl Trifluoroborates.
Catalytic site-selective hydroallylation of vinyl arenes and 1,3-dienes is reported. Transformations are promoted by a readily accessible bidentate carbodicarbene-rhodium complex and involve commercially available allyltrifluoroborates and an alco-hol. The reaction is applicable to vinyl arenes, and aryl or alkyl-substituted 1,3-dienes (30 examples). Allyl addition products are generated in 40–78% yield and in up to >98:2 site-selectivity. Reaction outcomes are consistent with the intermedi-acy of a Rh(III)-hydride generated by protonation of Rh(I) by an acid. A number of key mechanistic details of the reaction are presented: (1) Deuterium scrambling into the product and starting alkene indicates reversible Rh(III)–H migratory insertion. (2) A large primary kinetic isotope effect is observed. (3) With substituted allyltrifluoroborates (e.g., crotyl-BF3K) mixtures of site isomers are generated as a result of transmetalation followed by Rh-(allyl) complex equilibration; consequently, disproving outer-sphere addition of the allyl nucleophile to Rh(III)-(η3-allyl). (4) The stereochemical analysis of a cyclohexadiene allyl addition product supports a syn Rh(III)–hydride addition. (5) A Hammett plot shows a negative slope suggesting reductive elimination as the rate-determining step. Finally, utility is highlighted by a iodocyclization and cross metathesis.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1665125
NSF-PAR ID:
10095097
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
ACS catalysis
ISSN:
2155-5435
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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