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Title: Isovector and flavor diagonal charges of the nucleon from 2+1+1 flavor QCD
We present high-statistics results for the isovector and flavor diagonal charges of the proton using 11 ensembles of 2+1+1 flavor HISQ fermions. In the isospin symmetric limit, results for the neutron are given by the $u \leftrightarrow d$ interchange. A chiral-continuum fit with leading order corrections was made to extract the connected and disconnected contributions in the continuum limit and at $M_\pi=135$~MeV. All results are given in the $\overline{MS}$ scheme at 2~GeV. The isovector charges, $g_A^{u-d} = 1.218(25)(30)$, $g_S^{u-d} = 1.022(80)(60) $ and $g_T^{u-d} = 0.989(32)(10)$, are used to obtain low-energy constraints on novel scalar and tensor interactions, $\epsilon_{S}$ and $\epsilon_{T}$, at the TeV scale. The flavor diagonal axial charges are: $g_A^u \equiv \Delta u \equiv \langle 1 \rangle_{\Delta u^+} = 0.777(25)(30)$, $g_A^d \equiv \Delta d \equiv \langle 1 \rangle_{\Delta d^+} = -0.438(18)(30)$, and $g_A^s \equiv \Delta s \equiv \langle 1 \rangle_{\Delta s^+} = -0.053(8)$. Their sum gives the total quark contribution to the proton spin, $\sum_{q=u,d,s} (\frac{1}{2} \Delta q) = 0.143(31)(36)$. This result is in good agreement with the recent COMPASS analysis $0.13 < \frac{1}{2} \Delta \Sigma < 0.18$. Implications of results for the flavor diagonal tensor charges, $g_T^u = 0.784(28)(10)$, $g_T^d = -0.204(11)(10)$ and $g_T^s = -0.0027(16)$ for more » constraining the quark electric dipole moments and their contributions to the neutron electric dipole moment are discussed. These flavor diagonal charges also give the strength of the interaction of dark matter with nucleons via axial and tensor mediators. « less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1653405
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10097109
Journal Name:
The 36th Annual International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory (LATTICE2018)
Volume:
334
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
131
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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