 Award ID(s):
 1915093
 NSFPAR ID:
 10232453
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 Journal of High Energy Physics
 Volume:
 2021
 Issue:
 1
 ISSN:
 10298479
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
More Like this

null (Ed.)A bstract We present a search for the dark photon A ′ in the B 0 → A ′ A ′ decays, where A ′ subsequently decays to e + e − , μ + μ − , and π + π − . The search is performed by analyzing 772 × 10 6 $$ B\overline{B} $$ B B ¯ events collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB e + e − energyasymmetric collider at the ϒ(4 S ) resonance. No signal is found in the dark photon mass range 0 . 01 GeV /c 2 ≤ m A ′ ≤ 2 . 62 GeV /c 2 , and we set upper limits of the branching fraction of B 0 → A ′ A ′ at the 90% confidence level. The products of branching fractions, $$ \mathrm{\mathcal{B}}\left({B}^0\to A^{\prime }A^{\prime}\right)\times \mathrm{\mathcal{B}}{\left(A\prime \to {e}^{+}{e}^{}\right)}^2 $$ ℬ B 0 → A ′ A ′ × ℬ A ′ → e + e − 2 and $$ \mathrm{\mathcal{B}}\left({B}^0\to A^{\prime }A^{\prime}\right)\times \mathrm{\mathcal{B}}{\left(A\prime \to {\mu}^{+}{\mu}^{}\right)}^2 $$ ℬ B 0 → A ′ A ′ × ℬ A ′ → μ + μ − 2 , have limits of the order of 10 − 8 depending on the A ′ mass. Furthermore, considering A ′ decay rate to each pair of charged particles, the upper limits of $$ \mathrm{\mathcal{B}}\left({B}^0\to A^{\prime }A^{\prime}\right) $$ ℬ B 0 → A ′ A ′ are of the order of 10 − 8 –10 − 5 . From the upper limits of $$ \mathrm{\mathcal{B}}\left({B}^0\to A^{\prime }A^{\prime}\right) $$ ℬ B 0 → A ′ A ′ , we obtain the Higgs portal coupling for each assumed dark photon and dark Higgs mass. The Higgs portal couplings are of the order of 10 − 2 –10 − 1 at $$ {m}_{h\prime}\simeq {m}_{B^0} $$ m h ′ ≃ m B 0 ± 40 MeV /c 2 and 10 − 1 –1 at $$ {m}_{h\prime}\simeq {m}_{B^0} $$ m h ′ ≃ m B 0 ± 3 GeV /c 2 .more » « less

A bstract We study the fourpoint function of the lowestlying halfBPS operators in the $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 SU( N ) superYangMills theory and its relation to the flatspace fourgraviton amplitude in type IIB superstring theory. We work in a large N expansion in which the complexified YangMills coupling τ is fixed. In this expansion, nonperturbative instanton contributions are present, and the SL(2 , ℤ) duality invariance of correlation functions is manifest. Our results are based on a detailed analysis of the sphere partition function of the massdeformed SYM theory, which was previously computed using supersymmetric localization. This partition function determines a certain integrated correlator in the undeformed $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 SYM theory, which in turn constrains the fourpoint correlator at separated points. In a normalization where the twopoint functions are proportional to N 2 − 1 and are independent of τ and $$ \overline{\tau} $$ τ ¯ , we find that the terms of order $$ \sqrt{N} $$ N and $$ 1/\sqrt{N} $$ 1 / N in the large N expansion of the fourpoint correlator are proportional to the nonholomorphic Eisenstein series $$ E\left(\frac{3}{2},\tau, \overline{\tau}\right) $$ E 3 2 τ τ ¯ and $$ E\left(\frac{5}{2},\tau, \overline{\tau}\right) $$ E 5 2 τ τ ¯ , respectively. In the flat space limit, these terms match the corresponding terms in the type IIB Smatrix arising from R 4 and D 4 R 4 contact interactions, which, for the R 4 case, represents a check of AdS/CFT at finite string coupling. Furthermore, we present striking evidence that these results generalize so that, at order $$ {N}^{\frac{1}{2}m} $$ N 1 2 − m with integer m ≥ 0, the expansion of the integrated correlator we study is a linear sum of nonholomorphic Eisenstein series with halfinteger index, which are manifestly SL(2 , ℤ) invariant.more » « less

Abstract Leptoquarks (
s) are hypothetical particles that appear in various extensions of the Standard Model (SM), that can explain observed differences between SM theory predictions and experimental results. The production of these particles has been widely studied at various experiments, most recently at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and stringent bounds have been placed on their masses and couplings, assuming the simplest beyondSM (BSM) hypotheses. However, the limits are significantly weaker for$$\textrm{LQ}$$ $\text{LQ}$ models with family nonuniversal couplings containing enhanced couplings to thirdgeneration fermions. We present a new study on the production of a$$\textrm{LQ}$$ $\text{LQ}$ at the LHC, with preferential couplings to thirdgeneration fermions, considering protonproton collisions at$$\textrm{LQ}$$ $\text{LQ}$ and$$\sqrt{s} = 13 \, \textrm{TeV}$$ $\sqrt{s}=13\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\text{TeV}$ . Such a hypothesis is well motivated theoretically and it can explain the recent anomalies in the precision measurements of$$\sqrt{s} = 13.6 \, \textrm{TeV}$$ $\sqrt{s}=13.6\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\text{TeV}$ meson decay rates, specifically the$$\textrm{B}$$ $\text{B}$ ratios. Under a simplified model where the$$R_{D^{(*)}}$$ ${R}_{{D}^{(\ast )}}$ masses and couplings are free parameters, we focus on cases where the$$\textrm{LQ}$$ $\text{LQ}$ decays to a$$\textrm{LQ}$$ $\text{LQ}$ lepton and a$$\tau $$ $\tau $ quark, and study how the results are affected by different assumptions about chiral currents and interference effects with other BSM processes with the same final states, such as diagrams with a heavy vector boson,$$\textrm{b}$$ $\text{b}$ . The analysis is performed using machine learning techniques, resulting in an increased discovery reach at the LHC, allowing us to probe new physics phase space which addresses the$$\textrm{Z}^{\prime }$$ ${\text{Z}}^{\prime}$ meson anomalies, for$$\textrm{B}$$ $\text{B}$ masses up to$$\textrm{LQ}$$ $\text{LQ}$ , for the high luminosity LHC scenario.$$5.00\, \textrm{TeV}$$ $5.00\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\text{TeV}$ 
We present optical photometry and spectroscopy of the Type II supernova ASASSN14jb, together with Very Large Telescope (VLT) Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) integral field observations of its host galaxy and a nebularphase spectrum. This supernova, in the nearby galaxy ESO 467G051 ( z = 0.006), was discovered and followedup by the allsky automated survey for supernovae (ASASSN). We obtained wellsampled las cumbres network (LCOGTN) B V g r i and Swift w 2 m 1 w 1 u b v optical, nearUV/optical light curves, and several optical spectra in the early photospheric phases. The transient ASASSN14jb exploded ∼2 kpc above the starforming disk of ESO 467G051, an edgeon disk galaxy. The large projected distance from the disk of the supernova position and the nondetection of any H II region in a 1.4 kpc radius in projection are in conflict with the standard environment of corecollapse supernova progenitors and suggests the possible scenario that the progenitor received a kick in a binary interaction. We present analysis of the optical light curves and spectra, from which we derived a distance of 25 ± 2 Mpc using stateoftheart empirical methods for Type II SNe, physical properties of the SN explosion ( 56 Ni mass, explosion energy, and ejected mass), and properties of the progenitor; namely the progenitor radius, mass, and metallicity. Our analysis yields a 56 Ni mass of 0.0210 ± 0.0025 M ⊙ , an explosion energy of ≈0.25 × 10 51 ergs, and an ejected mass of ≈6 M ⊙ . We also constrained the progenitor radius to be R * = 580 ± 28 R ⊙ which seems to be consistent with the subSolar metallicity of 0.3 ± 0.1 Z ⊙ derived from the supernova Fe II λ 5018 line. The nebular spectrum constrains strongly the progenitor mass to be in the range 10–12 M ⊙ . From the Spitzer data archive we detect ASASSN14jb ≈330 days past explosion and we derived a total dust mass of 10 −4 M ⊙ from the 3.6 μ m and 4.5 μ m photometry. Using the F U V , N U V , B V g r i , K s , 3.6 μ m, and 4.5 μ m total magnitudes for the host galaxy, we fit stellar population synthesis models, which give an estimate of M * ≈ 1 × 10 9 M ⊙ , an age of 3.2 Gyr, and a SFR ≈0.07 M ⊙ yr −1 . We also discuss the low oxygen abundance of the host galaxy derived from the MUSE data, having an average of 12 + log(O/H) = 8.27 +0.16 −0.20 using the O 3 N 2 diagnostic with strong line methods. We compared it with the supernova spectra, which is also consistent with a subSolar metallicity progenitor. Following recent observations of extraplanar H II regions in nearby edgeon galaxies, we derived the metallicity offset from the disk, being positive, but consistent with zero at 2 σ , suggesting enrichment from disk outflows. We finally discuss the possible scenarios for the unusual environment for ASASSN14jb and conclude that either the insitu star formation or runaway scenario would imply a lowmass progenitor, agreeing with our estimate from the supernova nebular spectrum. Regardless of the true origin of ASASSN14jb, we show that the detailed study of the environment roughly agree with the stronger constraints from the observation of the transient.more » « less

A bstract A first search for the leptonflavour violating decays B 0 → K *0 τ ± μ ∓ is presented. The analysis is performed using a sample of protonproton collision data, collected with the LHCb detector at centreofmass energies of 7, 8 and 13 TeV between 2011 and 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 fb − 1 . No significant signal is observed, and upper limits on the branching fractions are determined to be $$ \mathcal{B}\left({B}^0\to {K}^{\ast 0}{\tau}^{+}{\mu}^{}\right)<1.0(1.2)\times {10}^{5} $$ B B 0 → K ∗ 0 τ + μ − < 1.0 1.2 × 10 − 5 and $$ \mathcal{B}\left({B}^0\to {K}^{\ast 0}{\tau}^{}{\mu}^{+}\right)<8.2(9.8)\times {10}^{6} $$ B B 0 → K ∗ 0 τ − μ + < 8.2 9.8 × 10 − 6 at the 90% (95%) confidence level.more » « less