- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Journal of Materials Chemistry C
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 5910 to 5924
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Controlling the optical and catalytic properties of artificial metalloenzyme photocatalysts using chemogenetic engineeringVisible light photocatalysis enables a broad range of organic transformations that proceed via single electron or energy transfer. Metal polypyridyl complexes are among the most commonly employed visible light photocatalysts. The photophysical properties of these complexes have been extensively studied and can be tuned by modifying the substituents on the pyridine ligands. On the other hand, ligand modifications that enable substrate binding to control reaction selectivity remain rare. Given the exquisite control that enzymes exert over electron and energy transfer processes in nature, we envisioned that artificial metalloenzymes (ArMs) created by incorporating Ru( ii ) polypyridyl complexes into a suitable protein scaffold could provide a means to control photocatalyst properties. This study describes approaches to create covalent and non-covalent ArMs from a variety of Ru( ii ) polypyridyl cofactors and a prolyl oligopeptidase scaffold. A panel of ArMs with enhanced photophysical properties were engineered, and the nature of the scaffold/cofactor interactions in these systems was investigated. These ArMs provided higher yields and rates than Ru(Bpy) 3 2+ for the reductive cyclization of dienones and the [2 + 2] photocycloaddition between C -cinnamoyl imidazole and 4-methoxystyrene, suggesting that protein scaffolds could provide a means to improve the efficiency of visible lightmore »
Two‐coordinate carbene Cu(Ι) amide complexes with sterically bulky groups such as the diisopropyl phenyl (dipp) on the carbenes have been shown to have comparable performance to the phosphorescent emitters bearing heavy atoms such as iridium and platinum. These bulky groups enforce a coplanar molecular structure and suppress the nonradiative decay rates. Here, three different two‐coordinate Cu(Ι) complexes were investigated that bear a common thiazole carbene, 3‐(2,6‐diisopropylphenyl)‐4,5‐dimethylthiazol‐2‐ylidene, with only a single dipp group, and carbazolyl ligands with substituents of varying steric bulk
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Luminescent complexes of heavy metals such as iridium, platinum, and ruthenium play an important role in photocatalysis and energy conversion applications as well as organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Achieving comparable performance from more–earth-abundant copper requires overcoming the weak spin-orbit coupling of the light metal as well as limiting the high reorganization energies typical in copper(I) [Cu(I)] complexes. Here we report that two-coordinate Cu(I) complexes with redox active ligands in coplanar conformation manifest suppressed nonradiative decay, reduced structural reorganization, and sufficient orbital overlap for efficient charge transfer. We achieve photoluminescence efficiencies >99% and microsecond lifetimes, which lead to an efficient blue-emitting OLED. Photophysical analysis and simulations reveal a temperature-dependent interplay between emissive singlet and triplet charge-transfer states and amide-localized triplet states.
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