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Title: Study of Agave Fiber-Reinforced Biocomposite Films
Thermoplastic resins (linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and polypropylene (PP)) reinforced by different content ratios of raw agave fibers were prepared and characterized in terms of their mechanical, thermal, and chemical properties as well as their morphology. The morphological properties of agave fibers and films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and the variations in chemical interactions between the filler and matrix materials were studied using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. No significant chemical interaction between the filler and matrix was observed. Melting point and crystallinity of the composites were evaluated for the effect of agave fiber on thermal properties of the composites, and modulus and yield strength parameters were inspected for mechanical analysis. While addition of natural fillers did not affect the overall thermal properties of the composite materials, elastic modulus and yielding stress exhibited direct correlation to the filler content and increased as the fiber content was increased. The highest elastic moduli were achieved with 20 wt % agave fiber for all the three composites. The values were increased by 319.3%, 69.2%, and 57.2%, for LLDPE, HDPE, and PP, respectively. The optimum yield stresses were achieved with 20 wt % fiber for LLDPE increasing by 84.2% and with more » 30 wt % for both HDPE and PP, increasing by 52% and 12.3% respectively. « less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1738417 1916564
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10100885
Journal Name:
Materials
Volume:
12
Issue:
1
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
99
ISSN:
1996-1944
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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