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Title: Lignocellulose solubilization and conversion by extremely thermophilic Caldicellulosiruptor bescii improves by maintaining metabolic activity

The extreme thermophileCaldicellulosiruptor besciisolubilizes and metabolizes the carbohydrate content of lignocellulose, a process that ultimately ceases because of biomass recalcitrance, accumulation of fermentation products, inhibition by lignin moieties, and reduction of metabolic activity. Deconstruction of low loadings of lignocellulose (5 g/L), either natural or transgenic, whether unpretreated or subjected to hydrothermal processing, byC. besciitypically results in less than 40% carbohydrate solubilization. Mild alkali pretreatment (up to 0.09 g NaOH/g biomass) improved switchgrass carbohydrate solubilization byC. besciito over 70% compared to less than 30% for no pretreatment, with two‐thirds of the carbohydrate content in the treated switchgrass converted to acetate and lactate.C. besciigrown on high loadings of unpretreated switchgrass (50 g/L) retained in a pH‐controlled bioreactor slowly purged (τ = 80 hr) with growth media without a carbon source improved carbohydrate solubilization to over 40% compared to batch culture at 29%. But more significant was the doubling of solubilized carbohydrate conversion to fermentation products, which increased from 40% in batch to over 80% in the purged system, an improvement attributed to maintaining the bioreactor culture in a metabolically active state. This strategy should be considered for optimizing solubilization and conversion of lignocellulose byC. besciiand other lignocellulolytic microorganisms.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 1901-1908
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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