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Title: Direct Zinc Finger Protein Persulfidation by H 2 S Is Facilitated by Zn 2+
Abstract

H2S is a gaseous signaling molecule that modifies cysteine residues in proteins to form persulfides (P‐SSH). One family of proteins modified by H2S are zinc finger (ZF) proteins, which contain multiple zinc‐coordinating cysteine residues. Herein, we report the reactivity of H2S with a ZF protein called tristetraprolin (TTP). Rapid persulfidation leading to complete thiol oxidation of TTP mediated by H2S was observed by low‐temperature ESI‐MS and fluorescence spectroscopy. Persulfidation of TTP required O2 , which reacts with H2S to form superoxide, as detected by ESI‐MS, a hydroethidine fluorescence assay, and EPR spin trapping. H2S was observed to inhibit TTP function (binding to TNFα mRNA) by an in vitro fluorescence anisotropy assay and to modulate TNFα in vivo. H2S was unreactive towards TTP when the protein was bound to RNA, thus suggesting a protective effect of RNA.

 
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Award ID(s):
1708732
NSF-PAR ID:
10102908
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Volume:
58
Issue:
24
ISSN:
1433-7851
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 7997-8001
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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