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Title: A Variable Stiffness Robotic Arm Using Linearly Actuated Compliant Parallel Guided Mechanism
This paper details the mechanical design and control of a human safety robotic arm with variable stiffness, starting from conceptual design to prototype. The mechanism designed is based on parallel guided beam with a roller slider actuated by a power screw and a DC motor with an encoder for position feedback. Unlike conventional robotic systems that control the stiffness in joints, this design introduces compliance to the robotic arm link itself. By controlling the slider position, the effective length of the link can be adjusted to provide the necessary stiffness change. A PID position controller is employed and the position accuracy is experimentally evaluated. The stiffness variation of the prototype is validated by experiments and FEA simulation. The overall stiffness change achieved is 20-fold.
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IFToMM Symposium on Mechanism Design for Robotics
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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