Synthesis of α′′-Fe 16 N 2 ribbons with a porous structure
The microstructure of FeCuB ribbons (∼20 μm thick) was modified to fabricate α′′-Fe 16 N 2 at a temperature as low as 160 °C. The ribbon samples were heat treated first at a temperature reaching 930 °C and then quenched down to room temperature. During the heat treatment, ribbon samples were oxidized, and hydrogen reduction was then conducted to remove the oxygen from the ribbon samples. The reduced ribbon samples had a porous structure, which improved the nitrogen diffusion efficiency and decreased the fabrication temperature of α′′-Fe 16 N 2 down to 160 °C. It was demonstrated that the techniques for microstructure control in this method including oxidation and reduction helped obtain the α′′-Fe 16 N 2 phase with high coercivity, thus manifesting this could be a promising technique for low-temperature nitridation on ribbons in general.
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Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10129489
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Volume:
1
Issue:
4
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
1337 to 1342
ISSN:
2516-0230
1. ABSTRACT We present a systematic investigation of physical conditions and elemental abundances in four optically thick Lyman-limit systems (LLSs) at z = 0.36–0.6 discovered within the cosmic ultraviolet baryon survey (CUBS). Because intervening LLSs at z < 1 suppress far-UV (ultraviolet) light from background QSOs, an unbiased search of these absorbers requires a near-UV-selected QSO sample, as achieved by CUBS. CUBS LLSs exhibit multicomponent kinematic structure and a complex mix of multiphase gas, with associated metal transitions from multiple ionization states such as C ii, C iii, N iii, Mg ii, Si ii, Si iii, O ii, O iii, O vi, and Fe ii absorption that span several hundred km s−1 in line-of-sight velocity. Specifically, higher column density components (log N(H i)/cm−2≳ 16) in all four absorbers comprise dynamically cool gas with $\langle T \rangle =(2\pm 1) \times 10^4\,$K and modest non-thermal broadening of $\langle b_\mathrm{nt} \rangle =5\pm 3\,$km s−1. The high quality of the QSO absorption spectra allows us to infer the physical conditions of the gas, using a detailed ionization modelling that takes into account the resolved component structures of H i and metal transitions. The range of inferred gas densities indicates that these absorbers consist of spatially compact clouds with a median line-of-sight thickness of $160^{+140}_{-50}$ pc. While obtaining robust metallicitymore »