In this paper, a high efficiency, decoupled on-board battery charger is proposed. The proposed topology is composed of two LLC resonant converters sharing the same full-bridge inverter with constant switching frequency. The outputs of two LLC resonant converters are connected in series. One of the LLC resonant converters is operated at the resonant frequency, which is the highest efficiency operation point. The magnetic control is adopted for the second LLC resonant converter to fulfill the closed-loop control of charge voltage and current for constant voltage (CV) and constant current (CC) charge modes. The proposed topology can achieve zero voltage switching (ZVS) for all primary switches and zero current switching (ZCS) for all secondary diodes during both CC and CV modes. Furthermore, thanks to constant frequency operation, the electromagnetic interference (EMI) filter design is simplified. Simulation and experimental studies are presented to verify the feasibility and validity of the proposed topology.
A Novel Solar PV Inverter Topology Based on an LLC Resonant Converter
In this paper, a new topology for grid-connected solar PV inverter is proposed. The proposed topology employs an LLC resonant converter with high frequency isolation transformer in the DC-DC stage. The DC-DC converter stage is controlled to generate a rectified sine wave voltage and current at the line frequency. An unfolder inverter interfaces between this DC stage and the grid. Both phase-shift and frequency control methods are used to control the LLC resonant converter. The switching frequency is determined depending on the phase-shift angle to extend the zero-voltage switching (ZVS) region. The transformer leakage and magnetization inductances are also properly designed to provide ZVS for wide operation area. The LLC converter operates in the ZVS region except the narrow band around the zero-crossings of the inverter output current. Since the LLC resonant converter has a high frequency transformer, the line frequency transformer requirement is eliminated, and thus more compact and efficient design is obtained. The proposed topology is validated by the simulation and experimental results.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- IEEE Energy Conversion Conference and Expo
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 6734 to 6740
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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