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Title: Spectral analysis of the Euler-Bernoulli beam model with fully nonconservative feedback matrix: Spectral analysis of the Euler-Bernoulli beam model with fully nonconservative feedback matrix
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Journal Name:
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
4691 to 4713
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. The distribution of natural frequencies of the Euler–Bernoulli beam resting on elastic foundation and subject to an axial force in the presence of several damping mechanisms is investigated. The damping mechanisms are: ( i ) an external or viscous damping with damping coefficient ( − a 0 ( x )), ( ii ) a damping proportional to the bending rate with the damping coefficient a 1 ( x ). The beam is clamped at the left end and equipped with a four-parameter (α, β, κ 1 , κ 2 ) linear boundary feedback law at the right end. The 2more »× 2 boundary feedback matrix relates the control input (a vector of velocity and its spacial derivative at the right end) to the output (a vector of shear and moment at the right end). The initial boundary value problem describing the dynamics of the beam has been reduced to the first order in time evolution equation in the state Hilbert space of the system. The dynamics generator has a purely discrete spectrum (the vibrational modes). Explicit asymptotic formula for the eigenvalues as the number of an eigenvalue tends to infinity have been obtained. It is shown that the boundary control parameters and the distributed damping play different roles in the asymptotical formulas for the eigenvalues of the dynamics generator. Namely, the damping coefficient a 1 and the boundary controls κ 1 and κ 2 enter the leading asymptotical term explicitly, while damping coefficient a 0 appears in the lower order terms.« less
  2. Mathematical analysis of the well known model of a piezoelectric energy harvester is presented. The harvester is designed as a cantilever Timoshenko beam with piezoelectric layers attached to its top and bottom faces. Thin, perfectly conductive electrodes are covering the top and bottom faces of the piezoelectric layers. These electrodes are connected to a resistive load. The model is governed by a system of three partial differential equations. The first two of them are the equations of the Timoshenko beam model and the third one represents Kirchhoff’s law for the electric circuit. All equations are coupled due to the piezoelectricmore »effect. We represent the system as a single operator evolution equation in the Hilbert state space of the system. The dynamics generator of this evolution equation is a non-selfadjoint matrix differential operator with compact resolvent. The paper has two main results. Both results are explicit asymptotic formulas for eigenvalues of this operator, i.e., the modal analysis for the electrically loaded system is performed. The first set of the asymptotic formulas has remainder terms of the order O ( 1 n ) , where n is the number of an eigenvalue. These formulas are derived for the model with variable physical parameters. The second set of the asymptotic formulas has remainder terms of the order O ( 1 n 2 ) , and is derived for a less general model with constant parameters. This second set of formulas contains extra term depending on the electromechanical parameters of the model. It is shown that the spectrum asymptotically splits into two disjoint subsets, which we call the α -branch eigenvalues and the θ -branch eigenvalues. These eigenvalues being multiplied by “i” produce the set of the vibrational modes of the system. The α -branch vibrational modes are asymptotically located on certain vertical line in the left half of the complex plane and the θ -branch is asymptotically close to the imaginary axis. By having such spectral and asymptotic results, one can derive the asymptotic representation for the mode shapes and for voltage output. Asymptotics of vibrational modes and mode shapes is instrumental in the analysis of control problems for the harvester.« less