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Title: SrCo 0.8 Nb 0.1 Ta 0.1 O 3−δ Based Cathodes for Electrolyte-Supported Proton-Conducting Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Comparison with Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co 0.8 Fe 0.2 O 3−δ Based Cathodes and Implications
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Journal of The Electrochemical Society
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National Science Foundation
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  1. We report the synthesis and characterization of as-grown SrFexMn1-xO2.5 epitaxial films, which were also subjected to post-growth oxidation and topotactic fluorination to obtain SrFexMn1-xO3 and SrFexMn1-xO(2.5-d)Fg films. We show how both the B-site cation and anion composition influence the structural, electronic, and optical properties of this family of perovskite materials. The Fe substitution of Mn in SrMnO2.5 gradually expands the c-axis parameter, as indicated by X-ray diffraction. With increasing x, the F content incorporated under identical fluorination conditions increases, reaching its maximum in SrFeO(2.5-d)Fg. In the compounds with mixed B-site occupation, the Fe 2p photoemission peaks are shifted upon fluorination while the Mn 2p peaks are not, suggesting inductive effects lead to asymmetric responses in how F alters the Mn and Fe bonds. Electronic transport measurements reveal all compounds are insulators, with the exception of SrFeO3, and demonstrate that fluorination increases resistivity for all values of x. Optical absorption spectra in the SrFexMn1-xO2.5 and SrFexMn1-xO3 films evolve systematically as a function of x, consistent with a physical scenario in which optical changes with Fe substitution arise from a linear combination of Mn and Fe 3d bands within the electronic structure. In contrast, the F incorporation induces non-linear changes to themore »optical response, suggesting a more complex impact on the electronic structure in materials with concurrent B-site and anion site substitution.« less