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- Advances in neural information processing systems
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- National Science Foundation
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We study a completion problem of broad practical interest: the reconstruction of a low-rank symmetric tensor from highly incomplete and randomly corrupted observations of its entries. While a variety of prior work has been dedicated to this problem, prior algorithms either are computationally too expensive for large-scale applications, or come with sub-optimal statistical guarantees. Focusing on incoherent'' and well-conditioned tensors of a constant CP rank, we propose a two-stage nonconvex algorithm --- (vanilla) gradient descent following a rough initialization --- that achieves the best of both worlds. Specifically, the proposed nonconvex algorithm faithfully completes the tensor and retrieves all low-rank tensor factors within nearly linear time, while at the same time enjoying near-optimal statistical guarantees (i.e. minimal sample complexity and optimal statistical accuracy). The insights conveyed through our analysis of nonconvex optimization might have implications for other tensor estimation problems.
We study a noisy tensor completion problem of broad practical interest, namely, the reconstruction of a low-rank tensor from highly incomplete and randomly corrupted observations of its entries. Whereas a variety of prior work has been dedicated to this problem, prior algorithms either are computationally too expensive for large-scale applications or come with suboptimal statistical guarantees. Focusing on “incoherent” and well-conditioned tensors of a constant canonical polyadic rank, we propose a two-stage nonconvex algorithm—(vanilla) gradient descent following a rough initialization—that achieves the best of both worlds. Specifically, the proposed nonconvex algorithm faithfully completes the tensor and retrieves all individual tensor factors within nearly linear time, while at the same time enjoying near-optimal statistical guarantees (i.e., minimal sample complexity and optimal estimation accuracy). The estimation errors are evenly spread out across all entries, thus achieving optimal [Formula: see text] statistical accuracy. We also discuss how to extend our approach to accommodate asymmetric tensors. The insight conveyed through our analysis of nonconvex optimization might have implications for other tensor estimation problems.
Abstract Higher-order tensors can represent scores in a rating system, frames in a video, and images of the same subject. In practice, the measurements are often highly quantized due to the sampling strategies or the quality of devices. Existing works on tensor recovery have focused on data losses and random noises. Only a few works consider tensor recovery from quantized measurements but are restricted to binary measurements. This paper, for the first time, addresses the problem of tensor recovery from multi-level quantized measurements by leveraging the low CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP) rank property. We study the recovery of both general low-rank tensors and tensors that have tensor singular value decomposition (TSVD) by solving nonconvex optimization problems. We provide the theoretical upper bounds of the recovery error, which diminish to zero when the sizes of dimensions increase to infinity. We further characterize the fundamental limit of any recovery algorithm and show that our recovery error is nearly order-wise optimal. A tensor-based alternating proximal gradient descent algorithm with a convergence guarantee and a TSVD-based projected gradient descent algorithm are proposed to solve the nonconvex problems. Our recovery methods can also handle data losses and do not necessarily need the information of the quantization rule.more »
Low-rank matrix models have been universally useful for numerous applications, from classical system identification to more modern matrix completion in signal processing and statistics. The nuclear norm has been employed as a convex surrogate of the low-rankness since it induces a low-rank solution to inverse problems. While the nuclear norm for low rankness has an excellent analogy with the $\ell _1$ norm for sparsity through the singular value decomposition, other matrix norms also induce low-rankness. Particularly as one interprets a matrix as a linear operator between Banach spaces, various tensor product norms generalize the role of the nuclear norm. We provide a tensor-norm-constrained estimator for the recovery of approximately low-rank matrices from local measurements corrupted with noise. A tensor-norm regularizer is designed to adapt to the local structure. We derive statistical analysis of the estimator over matrix completion and decentralized sketching by applying Maurey’s empirical method to tensor products of Banach spaces. The estimator provides a near-optimal error bound in a minimax sense and admits a polynomial-time algorithm for these applications.
For the tensor PCA (principal component analysis) problem, we propose a new hierarchy of increasingly powerful algorithms with increasing runtime. Our hierarchy is analogous to the sumof-squares (SOS) hierarchy but is instead inspired by statistical physics and related algorithms such as belief propagation and AMP (approximate message passing). Our level-ℓ algorithm can be thought of as a linearized message-passing algorithm that keeps track of ℓ-wise dependencies among the hidden variables. Specifically, our algorithms are spectral methods based on the Kikuchi Hessian, which generalizes the well-studied Bethe Hessian to the higher-order Kikuchi free energies. It is known that AMP, the flagship algorithm of statistical physics, has substantially worse performance than SOS for tensor PCA. In this work we ‘redeem’ the statistical physics approach by showing that our hierarchy gives a polynomial-time algorithm matching the performance of SOS. Our hierarchy also yields a continuum of subexponential-time algorithms, and we prove that these achieve the same (conjecturally optimal) tradeoff between runtime and statistical power as SOS. Our proofs are much simpler than prior work, and also apply to the related problem of refuting random k-XOR formulas. The results we present here apply to tensor PCA for tensors of all orders, and to k-XORmore »