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Title: Efficient OpenCL Accelerators for Canny Edge Detection Algorithm on a CPU-FPGA Platform
The processing demands of current and emerging applications, such as image/video processing, are increasing due to the deluge of data, generated by mobile and edge devices. This raises challenges for a vast range of computing systems, starting from smart-phones and reaching cloud and data centers. Heterogeneous computing demonstrates its ability as an efficient computing model due to its capability to adapt to various workload requirements. Field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) provide power and performance benefits and have been used in many application domains from embedded systems to the cloud. In this paper, we used a closely coupled CPU-FPGA heterogeneous system to accelerate a sliding window based image processing algorithm, Canny edge detector. We accelerated Canny using two different implementations: Code partitioned and data partitioned. In the data partitioned implementation, we proposed a weighted round-robin based algorithm that partitions input images and distributes the load between the CPU and the FPGA based on latency. The paper also compares the performance of the proposed accelerators with separate CPU and FPGA implementations. Using our hybrid CPU-FPGA based algorithm, we achieved a speedup of up to 4.8× over a CPU-only and up to 2.1× over a FPGA-only implementations. Moreover, the estimated total energy consumption more » of our algorithm is more efficient than a CPU-only implementation. Our results show a significant reduction in energy-delay product (EDP) compared to the CPU-only implementation, and comparable EDP results to the FPGA-only implementation. « less
Authors:
;
Award ID(s):
1821691
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10148551
Journal Name:
International Conference on ReConFigurable Computing and FPGAs (ReConFig)
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
1 to 5
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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