skip to main content


Title: Quantitative Biogeography: Large-Scale, Long-Term Change in the Rocky Intertidal Region of the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem
Award ID(s):
1735911 1737372 1735743
NSF-PAR ID:
10154639
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Oceanography
Volume:
32
Issue:
3
ISSN:
1042-8275
Page Range / eLocation ID:
26 to 37
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Hydrological modeling of large river basins and flood plains continues to be challenged by the low availability and quality of observed data for modeling input and model calibration. Global datasets are often used to bridge this gap, but are often difficult and time consuming to acquire, particularly in low resource regions of the world. Numerous calls have been made to standardize and share data to increase local basin modeling capacities and reduce redundancy in efforts, but barriers still exist. We discuss the challenges of hydrological modeling in data-scarce regions and describe a freely available online tool site developed to enable users to extract input data for any basin of any size. The site will allow users to visualize, map, interpolate, and reformat the data as needed for the intended application. We used our hydrological model of the Upper Zambezi basin and the Chobe-Zambezi floodplains to illustrate the use of this online toolset. Increasing access and dissemination of hydrological modeling data is a critical need, particularly among users where data requirements and access continue to impede locally driven management of hydrological systems. 
    more » « less
  2. Abstract One of the unique aspects of Earth is that it has a fractionally large Moon, which is thought to have formed from a Moon-forming disk generated by a giant impact. The Moon stabilizes the Earth’s spin axis at least by several degrees and contributes to Earth’s stable climate. Given that impacts are common during planet formation, exomoons, which are moons around planets in extrasolar systems, should be common as well, but no exomoon has been confirmed. Here we propose that an initially vapor-rich moon-forming disk is not capable of forming a moon that is large with respect to the size of the planet because growing moonlets, which are building blocks of a moon, experience strong gas drag and quickly fall toward the planet. Our impact simulations show that terrestrial and icy planets that are larger than ~1.3−1.6 R ⊕ produce entirely vapor disks, which fail to form a fractionally large moon. This indicates that (1) our model supports the Moon-formation models that produce vapor-poor disks and (2) rocky and icy exoplanets whose radii are smaller than ~1.6 R ⊕ are ideal candidates for hosting fractionally large exomoons. 
    more » « less