Confrustion in Learning from Erroneous Examples: Does Type of Prompted Self-explanation Make a Difference?
Confrustion, a mix of confusion and frustration sometimes experienced while grappling with instructional materials, is not necessarily detrimental to learning. Prior research has shown that studying erroneous examples can increase students’ experiences of confrustion, while at the same time helping them learn and overcome their misconceptions. In the study reported in this paper, we examined students’ knowledge and misconceptions about decimal numbers before and after they interacted with an intelligent tutoring system presenting either erroneous examples targeting misconceptions (erroneous example condition) or practice problems targeting the same misconceptions (problem-solving condition). While students in both conditions significantly improved their performance frommore »