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Title: Lipophilic signals lead to organ‐specific gene expression changes in Arabidopsis seedlings

In plants,N‐acylethanolamines (NAEs) are most abundant in desiccated seeds and their levels decline during germination and early seedling establishment. However, endogenous NAE levels rise in seedlings when ABA or environmental stress is applied, and this results in an inhibition of further seedling development. When the most abundant, polyunsaturated NAEs of linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3) were exogenously applied, seedling development was affected in an organ‐specific manner. NAE 18:2 primarily affected primary root elongation and NAE 18:3 primarily affected cotyledon greening and expansion and overall seedling growth. The molecular components and signaling mechanisms involved in this pathway are not well understood. In addition, the bifurcating nature of this pathway provides a unique system in which to study the spatial aspects and interaction of these lipid‐specific and organ‐targeted signaling pathways. Using whole transcriptome sequencing (RNA‐seq) and differential expression analysis, we identified early (1–3 hr) transcriptional changes induced by the exogenous treatment of NAE 18:2 and NAE 18:3 in cotyledons, roots, and seedlings. These two treatments led to a significant enrichment in ABA‐response and chitin‐response genes in organs where the treatments led to changes in development. InArabidopsisseedlings, NAE 18:2 treatment led to the repression of genes involved in cell wall biogenesis and organization in roots and seedlings. In addition, cotyledons, roots, and seedlings treated with NAE 18:3 also showed a decrease in transcripts that encode proteins involved in growth processes. NAE 18:3 also led to changes in the abundance of transcripts involved in the modulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis and catabolism in cotyledons. Overall, NAE 18:2 and NAE 18:3 treatment led to lipid‐type and organ‐specific gene expression changes that include overlapping and non‐overlapping gene sets. These data will provide future, rich opportunities to examine the genetic pathways involved in transducing early signals into downstream physiological changes in seedling growth.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Plant Direct
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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