Second harmonic generation characterization of collagen in whole bone

Bone is a unique biological composite material made up of a highly structured collagen mesh matrix and mineral deposits. Although mineral provides stiffness, collagen’s secondary organization provides a critical role in bone elasticity. Here, we performed polarimetric analysis of bone collagen fibers using second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging to evaluate lamella sheets and collagen fiber integrity in intact cranial bone. Our polarimetric data was fitted to a model accounting for diattenuation, polarization cross-talk, and birefringence. We compared our data to the fitted model and found no significant difference between our polarimetric observation and the representation of these scattering properties up to 70µm deep. We also observed a loss of resolution as we imaged up to 70µm deep into bone but a conservation of polarimetric response. Polarimetric SHG allows for the discrimination of collagen lamellar sheet structures in intact bone. Our work could allow for label-free identification of disease states and monitor the efficacy of therapies for bone disorders.

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Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10172730
Journal Name:
Biomedical Optics Express
Volume:
11
Issue:
8
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
Article No. 4379
ISSN:
2156-7085
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Hemiwicking is the phenomena where a liquid wets a textured surface beyond its intrinsic wetting length due to capillary action and imbibition. In this work, we derive a simple analytical model for hemiwicking in micropillar arrays. The model is based on the combined effects of capillary action dictated by interfacial and intermolecular pressures gradients within the curved liquid meniscus and fluid drag from the pillars at ultra-low Reynolds numbers$${\boldsymbol{(}}{{\bf{10}}}^{{\boldsymbol{-}}{\bf{7}}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{\bf{Re}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{{\bf{10}}}^{{\boldsymbol{-}}{\bf{3}}}{\boldsymbol{)}}$$$\left({10}^{-7}\lesssim \mathrm{Re}\lesssim {10}^{-3}\right)$. Fluid drag is conceptualized via a critical Reynolds number:$${\bf{Re}}{\boldsymbol{=}}\frac{{{\bf{v}}}_{{\bf{0}}}{{\bf{x}}}_{{\bf{0}}}}{{\boldsymbol{\nu }}}$$$\mathrm{Re}=\frac{{v}_{0}{x}_{0}}{\nu }$, wherev0corresponds to the maximum wetting speed on a flat, dry surface andx0is the extension length of the liquid meniscus that drives the bulk fluid toward the adsorbed thin-film region. The model is validated with wicking experiments on different hemiwicking surfaces in conjunction withv0andx0measurements using Water$${\boldsymbol{(}}{{\bf{v}}}_{{\bf{0}}}{\boldsymbol{\approx }}{\bf{2}}\,{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{/}}{\bf{s}}{\boldsymbol{,}}\,{\bf{25}}\,{\boldsymbol{\mu }}{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{{\bf{x}}}_{{\bf{0}}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{\bf{28}}\,{\boldsymbol{\mu }}{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{)}}$$$\left({v}_{0}\approx 2\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}m/s,\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}25\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}µm\lesssim {x}_{0}\lesssim 28\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}µm\right)$, viscous FC-70$${\boldsymbol{(}}{{\boldsymbol{v}}}_{{\bf{0}}}{\boldsymbol{\approx }}{\bf{0.3}}\,{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{/}}{\bf{s}}{\boldsymbol{,}}\,{\bf{18.6}}\,{\boldsymbol{\mu }}{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{{\boldsymbol{x}}}_{{\bf{0}}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{\bf{38.6}}\,{\boldsymbol{\mu }}{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{)}}$$$\left({v}_{0}\approx 0.3\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}m/s,\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}18.6\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}µm\lesssim {x}_{0}\lesssim 38.6\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}µm\right)$and lower viscosity Ethanol$${\boldsymbol{(}}{{\boldsymbol{v}}}_{{\bf{0}}}{\boldsymbol{\approx }}{\bf{1.2}}\,{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{/}}{\bf{s}}{\boldsymbol{,}}\,{\bf{11.8}}\,{\boldsymbol{\mu }}{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{{\bf{x}}}_{{\bf{0}}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{\bf{33.3}}\,{\boldsymbol{\mu }}{\bf{m}}{\boldsymbol{)}}$$$\left({v}_{0}\approx 1.2\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}m/s,\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}11.8\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}µm\lesssim {x}_{0}\lesssim 33.3\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}µm\right)$.