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Title: Predictions of the glass transition temperature and viscosity of organic aerosols from volatility distributions
Abstract. Volatility and viscosity are important properties of organic aerosols (OA),affecting aerosol processes such as formation, evolution, and partitioning ofOA. Volatility distributions of ambient OA particles have often beenmeasured, while viscosity measurements are scarce. We have previouslydeveloped a method to estimate the glass transition temperature (Tg) ofan organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Based onanalysis of over 2400 organic compounds including oxygenated organiccompounds, as well as nitrogen- and sulfur-containing organic compounds, weextend this method to include nitrogen- and sulfur-containing compoundsbased on elemental composition. In addition, parameterizations are developedto predict Tg as a function of volatility and the atomicoxygen-to-carbon ratio based on a negative correlation between Tg andvolatility. This prediction method of Tg is applied to ambientobservations of volatility distributions at 11 field sites. Thepredicted Tg values of OA under dry conditions vary mainly from 290 to 339 Kand the predicted viscosities are consistent with the results of ambientparticle-phase-state measurements in the southeastern US and the Amazonianrain forest. Reducing the uncertainties in measured volatility distributionswould improve predictions of viscosity, especially at low relative humidity.We also predict the Tg of OA components identified via positive matrixfactorization of aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) data. The predicted viscosity ofoxidized OA is consistent with previously reported more » viscosity of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) derivedfrom α-pinene, toluene, isoprene epoxydiol (IEPOX), and diesel fuel.Comparison of the predicted viscosity based on the observed volatilitydistributions with the viscosity simulated by a chemical transport modelimplies that missing low volatility compounds in a global model can lead tounderestimation of OA viscosity at some sites. The relation betweenvolatility and viscosity can be applied in the molecular corridor orvolatility basis set approaches to improve OA simulations in chemicaltransport models by consideration of effects of particle viscosity in OAformation and evolution. « less
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Award ID(s):
1822664 1654104
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
8103 to 8122
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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