skip to main content

Title: Void detection and fiber extraction for statistical characterization of fiber-reinforced polymers
Fast track article for IS&T International Symposium on Electronic Imaging 2020: Computational Imaging proceedings.
Authors:
; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1662554
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10179419
Journal Name:
Electronic Imaging
ISSN:
2470-1173
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. There is great interest in advancing methodologies for the isolation and characterization of exosomes (30–150 nm, extracellular vesicles (EVs)) for fundamental biochemical research and liquid biopsy applications. This is due to the accessibility of exosomal surface biomarkers, providing relevant biochemical information from their cells of origin. Exosome-based techniques hold potential for diagnostic applications through less invasive sampling ( versus the physical extraction methods of pathology). This study demonstrates a simple spin-down tip methodology for generic exosome capture, followed by immunoaffinity-based fluorescent labeling to classify EVs captured on a polyester capillary-channeled polymer (C-CP) fiber stationary phase. An antibody to the generic EV tetraspanin protein (CD81) is employed to confirm the presence of biologically active EVs on the fiber surface. An antibody to the CA125 protein, upregulated in the case of ovarian cell stress, is included as a cancer marker protein. Scanning electron microscopy and confocal fluorescence microscopy were performed directly on the capture fibers to visualize the morphology and assess the bioactivity/identity of captured vesicles. This report provides a proof-of-concept for an efficient means of isolating, purifying, immunolabeling, and fluorescent imaging for the biomarker assessment of extracellular vesicles on a single platform . Herein lies the novelty of the overall approach.more »The ability to affect the entire isolation, immunolabeling, and imaging process in <5 hours is demonstrated. The C-CP fiber spin-down tip is an efficient exosome isolation methodology for microliter samples from diverse media (human urine and cell culture media here) towards diverse means of characterization and identification.« less
  2. Abstract

    We present results for a new type of fiber-coupled stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscope which uses a single fiber to transport STED and excitation light, as well as collect the fluorescence signal. Our method utilizes two higher-order eigenmodes of polarization maintaining (PM) fiber to generate the doughnut-shaped STED beam. The modes are excited with separate beams that share no temporal coherence, yielding output that is independent of fiber bending. We measured the resolution using 45 nm fluorescent beads and found a median bead image size of 116 nm. This resolution does not change as function of fiber bending radius, demonstrating robust operation. We report, for the first time, STED images of fixed biological samples collected in the epi-direction through fiber. Our microscope design shows promise for future use in super-resolution micro-endoscopes andin vivoneural imaging in awake and freely-behaving animals.

  3. Vitreous collagen structure plays an important role in ocular mechanics. However, capturing this structure with existing vitreous imaging methods is hindered by the loss of sample position and orientation, low resolution, or a small field of view. The objective of this study was to evaluate confocal reflectance microscopy as a solution to these limitations. Intrinsic reflectance avoids staining, and optical sectioning eliminates the requirement for thin sectioning, minimizing processing for optimal preservation of the natural structure. We developed a sample preparation and imaging strategy usingex vivogrossly sectioned porcine eyes. Imaging revealed a network of uniform diameter crossing fibers (1.1 ± 0.3 µm for a typical image) with generally poor alignment (alignment coefficient = 0.40 ± 0.21 for a typical image). To test the utility of our approach for detecting differences in fiber spatial distribution, we imaged eyes every 1 mm along an anterior-posterior axis originating at the limbus and quantified the number of fibers in each image. Fiber density was higher anteriorly near the vitreous base, regardless of the imaging plane. These data demonstrate that confocal reflectance microscopy addresses the previously unmet need for a robust, micron-scale technique to map features of collagen networksin situacross the vitreous.

  4. In this Letter, we report a low-cost, portable, two-photon excitation fluorescence microscopy imager that uses a fiber-based approach for both femtosecond supercontinuum (SC) generation and light delivery to the optical head. The SC generation is based on a tapered polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber that uses pre-chirped femtosecond narrowband pulses to generate a coherent SC spectrum with a bandwidth of approximately 300 nm. Using this approach, high-power, near-transform-limited, wavelength-selectable SC pulses are generated and directly delivered to the imaging optical head. Preliminary testing of this imager on brain slices is presented, demonstrating a high signal-to-noise ratio and sub-cellular imaging capabilities to a depth of approximately 200 µm. These results demonstrate the suitability of the technology forex vivoand potentiallyin vivocellular-level biomedical imaging applications.

  5. Imaging sub-diffraction dynamics of neural nanostructures involved in behaviors such as learning and memory in a freely moving animal is not possible with existing techniques. Here, we present a solution in the form of a two-photon (2P), fiber-coupled, stimulated emission depletion microscope and demonstrate its capabilities by acquiring super-resolution imaging of mammalian cells. A polarization-maintaining fiber is used to transport both the 2P excitation light (915 nm) and the donut-shaped depletion beam (592 nm), which is constructed by adding two temporally incoherent and orthogonally polarized Hermite–Gaussian fiber modes. The fiber output is insensitive to bending or temperature changes and is the first demonstration toward deep tissue super-resolution imaging in awake behaving animals.