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Title: Primordial Black Holes as Dark Matter
We investigate models in which a spectrum of black holes with Hawking temperature of order the radiation temperature at the beginning of the radiation dominated era can survive long enough to produce a matter dominated era at the observed crossover between matter and radiation in our universe. We nd that a suciently dense population of such black holes can indeed do so. The stronger observational constraint, that the black holes have lifetimes at least as long as the current age of the universe is harder to assess, because of black hole mergers during the matter dominated era. We then investigate whether the required densities and masses are consistent with the Holographic Space-time (HST) model of in ation. We nd that they are, but put mild constraints on the slow roll parameter  = 􀀀 _H H2 in that model to be small. The bound is no stronger than the observational bound on the model's prediction for tensor uctuations. The required black hole density, at the reheat temperature, in a model with a single species of black hole, must be viewed as a quantum mechanical accident. In such a model, our universe exists because of a low probability quantum uctuation.
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Letters in high energy physics
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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