- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Journal of Materials Chemistry C
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 12650 to 12656
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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We present the combined results of single crystal X-ray diffraction, physical properties characterization, and theoretical assessment of EuSnP under high pressure. Single crystals of EuSnP prepared using Sn self-flux crystallize in the tetragonal NbCrN-type crystal structure (S.G. P 4/ nmm ) at ambient pressure. Previous studies have shown that for Eu ions, seven unpaired electrons impart a 2+ oxidation state. Assuming the oxidation states of Eu to be +2 and P to be −3, each Sn will donate one electron, with one p valence electron left for forming a weak Sn–Sn bond. According to the high-pressure single crystal X-ray diffraction measurements, no structural phase transition was observed up to ∼6.2 GPa. Temperature-dependent resistivity measurements up to 2.15 GPa on single crystals indicate that the phase-transition temperature occurring at the Néel temperature ( T N ) is significantly enhanced under high pressure. The robust crystallography and enhanced antiferromagnetic transition temperatures can be rationalized by the electronic structure calculations and chemical bonding analysis. The increasing Eu–P bonding interaction is consistent with the lattice parameter changing and enhanced T N . Moreover, the molecular orbital diagram shows that the weak Sn–Sn bond can be squeezed under pressure, acting as a compression buffer tomore »
The crystal structure, electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS), heat capacity, and anisotropic magnetic and resistivity measurements are reported for Sn flux grown single crystals of orthorhombic Pr2Co3Ge5(U2Co3Si5-type,
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Single crystal neutron and magnetic measurements of Rb 2 Mn 3 (VO 4 ) 2 CO 3 and K 2 Co 3 (VO 4 ) 2 CO 3 with mixed honeycomb and triangular magnetic latticesTwo new alkali vanadate carbonates with divalent transition metals have been synthesized as large single crystals via a high-temperature (600 °C) hydrothermal technique. Compound I , Rb 2 Mn 3 (VO 4 ) 2 CO 3 , crystallizes in the trigonal crystal system in the space group P 3̄1 c , and compound II , K 2 Co 3 (VO 4 ) 2 CO 3 , crystallizes in the hexagonal space group P 6 3 / m . Both structures contain honeycomb layers and triangular lattices made from edge-sharing MO 6 octahedra and MO 5 trigonal bipyramids, respectively. The honeycomb and triangular layers are connected along the c -axis through tetrahedral [VO 4 ] groups. The MO 5 units are connected with each other by carbonate groups in the ab -plane by forming a triangular magnetic lattice. The difference in space groups between I and II was also investigated with Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. Single crystal magnetic characterization of I indicates three magnetic transitions at 77 K, 2.3 K, and 1.5 K. The corresponding magnetic structures for each magnetic transition of I were determined using single crystal neutron diffraction. At 77 K the compound orders in the MnO 6more »
Revealing uncommon transport in the previously unascertained very low cation clathrate-I Eu 2 Ga 11 Sn 35High occupancy of cation sites is typical for clathrate-I compositions allowing limited tunability of the electrical properties beyond doping and elemental substitution. Herein, we report on the structure and electrical transport of single-crystal Eu 2 Ga 11 Sn 35 , the sole example of a very low (25%) cation concentration clathrate-I material with atypical transport directly attributable to the structure and stoichiometry.
Exchange-biased quantum tunnelling of magnetization in a [Mn 3 ] 2 dimer of single-molecule magnets with rare ferromagnetic inter-Mn 3 couplingA covalently-linked dimer of two single-molecule magnets (SMMs), [Mn 6 O(O 2 CMe) 6 (1,3-ppmd) 3 ](ClO 4 ) 2 , has been synthesized from the reaction of [Mn 3 O(O 2 CMe) 6 (py) 3 ](ClO 4 ) with 1,3-phenylene- bis (pyridin-2-ylmethanone) dioxime (1,3-ppmdH 2 ). It contains two [Mn III 3 O] +7 triangular units linked by three 1,3-ppmd 2− groups into an [Mn 3 ] 2 dimer with D 3 symmetry. Solid-state dc and ac magnetic susceptibility measurements showed that each Mn 3 subunit retains its properties as an SMM with an S = 6 ground state. Magnetization vs. dc field sweeps on a single crystal reveal hysteresis loops below 1.3 K exhibiting exchange-biased quantum tunnelling of magnetization (QTM) steps with a bias field of +0.06 T. This is the first example of a dimer of SMMs showing a positive exchange bias of the QTM steps in the hysteresis loops, and it has therefore been subjected to a detailed analysis. Simulation of the loops determines that each Mn 3 unit is exchange-coupled with its neighbour primarily through the 1,3-ppmd 2− linkers, confirming a weak ferromagnetic inter-Mn 3 interaction of J 12 ≈ +6.5 mK ( Ĥ =more »