skip to main content


Title: Supertwisted spirals of layered materials enabled by growth on non-Euclidean surfaces

Euclidean geometry is the fundamental mathematical framework of classical crystallography. Traditionally, layered materials are grown on flat substrates; growing Euclidean crystals on non-Euclidean surfaces has rarely been studied. We present a general model describing the growth of layered materials with screw-dislocation spirals on non-Euclidean surfaces and show that it leads to continuously twisted multilayer superstructures. This model is experimentally demonstrated by growing supertwisted spirals of tungsten disulfide (WS2) and tungsten diselenide (WSe2) draped over nanoparticles near the centers of spirals. Microscopic structural analysis shows that the crystal lattice twist is consistent with the geometric twist of the layers, leading to moiré superlattices between the atomic layers.

 
more » « less
NSF-PAR ID:
10198882
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Science
Volume:
370
Issue:
6515
ISSN:
0036-8075
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 442-445
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    The investigation of twisted stacked few‐layer MoS2has revealed novel electronic, optical, and vibrational properties over an extended period. For the successful integration of twisted stacked few‐layer MoS2into a wide range of applications, it is crucial to employ a noninvasive, versatile technique for characterizing the layered architecture of these complex structures. In this work, we introduce a machine learning‐assisted low‐frequency Raman spectroscopy method to characterize the twist angle of few‐layer stacked MoS2samples. A feedforward neural network (FNN) is utilized to analyze the low‐frequency breathing mode as a function of the twist angle. Moreover, using finite difference method (FDM) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we show that the low‐frequency Raman spectra of MoS2are mainly influenced by the effect of the nearest and second nearest layers. A new improved linear chain model (TA‐LCM) with taking the twist angle into the consideration is developed to understand the interlayer breathing modes of stacked few‐layer MoS2. This approach can be extended to other 2D materials systems and provides an intelligent way to investigate naturally stacked and twisted interlayer interactions.

     
    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    Exploring two dimensional (2D) materials is important for further developing the field of quantum materials. However, progress in 2D material development is limited by difficulties with their production. Specifically, freestanding 2D materials with bulk non-layered structures remain particularly challenging to prepare. Traditionally, chemical or mechanical exfoliation is employed for obtaining freestanding 2D materials, but these methods typically require layered starting materials. Here we put forth a method for obtaining thin layers ofβ-Bi2O3, which has a three-dimensional covalent structure, by using chemical exfoliation. In this research, Na3Ni2BiO6was exfoliated with acid and water to obtainβ-Bi2O3nanosheets less than 10 nm in height and over 1 µm in lateral size. Our results open the possibility for further exploringβ-Bi2O3nanosheets to determine whether their properties change from the bulk to the nanoscale. Furthermore, this research may facilitate further progress in obtaining nanosheets of non-layered bulk materials using chemical exfoliation.

     
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    The discovery of layered materials with potentially unique electrical and chemical properties has become a major focus of materials research in the past decade. 2D II–VI layered hybrids (LHs) are a family of ligand‐protected layered materials capable of isolation in few‐layer form and possess emissive and electronic properties of potential relevance to semiconductor device technologies. The authors showed previously that, akin to black phosphorus and transition metal dichalcogenides, 2D II–VI LHs are sensitive to ambient atmospheric conditions. However, the causes for degradation of these ligand‐protected materials remain unclear. Using ZnSe‐based LHs, it is shown herein that the stability of these materials is related to the length and chemistry of the organic ligands coordinated to the LH surfaces. Furthermore, exposure to isotopically enriched H218O and18O2reveals that H2O and O2are both reactants contributing to ZnSe‐LH degradation. An H2O‐initiated degradation pathway is proposed and is supported by density functional theory calculations. The findings contribute to the discovery of protection strategies for layered materials and elucidate a degradation pathway that may also be applicable to other layered materials.

     
    more » « less
  4. Collective electronic modes or lattice vibrations usually prohibit propagation of electromagnetic radiation through the bulk of common materials over a frequency range associated with these oscillations. However, this textbook tenet does not necessarily apply to layered crystals. Highly anisotropic materials often display nonintuitive optical properties and can permit propagation of subdiffractional waveguide modes, with hyperbolic dispersion, throughout their bulk. Here, we report on the observation of optically induced electronic hyperbolicity in the layered transition metal dichalcogenide tungsten diselenide (WSe2). We used photoexcitation to inject electron-hole pairs in WSe2and then visualized, by transient nanoimaging, the hyperbolic rays that traveled along conical trajectories inside of the crystal. We establish here the signatures of programmable hyperbolic electrodynamics and assess the role of quantum transitions of excitons within the Rydberg series in the observed polaritonic response.

     
    more » « less
  5. Abstract

    Advancements in low‐dimensional functional device technology heavily rely on the discovery of suitable materials which have interesting physical properties as well as can be exfoliated down to the 2D limit. Exfoliable high‐mobility magnets are one such class of materials that, not due to lack of effort, has been limited to only a handful of options. So far, most of the attention has been focused on the van der Waals (vdW) systems. However, even within the non‐vdW, layered materials, it is possible to find all these desirable features. Using chemical reasoning, it is found that NdSb2is an ideal example. Even with a relatively small interlayer distance, this material can be exfoliated down to few layers. NdSb2has an antiferromagnetic ground state with a quasi 2D spin arrangement. The bulk crystals show a very large, non‐saturating magnetoresistance along with highly anisotropic electronic transport properties. It is confirmed that this anisotropy originates from the 2D Fermi pockets which also imply a rather quasi 2D confinement of the charge carrier density. Both electron and hole‐type carriers show very high mobilities. The possible non‐collinear spin arrangement also results in an anomalous Hall effect.

     
    more » « less