We formulate a predictor-based controller for a high-DOF manipulator to compensate a time-invariant input delay during a pick-and-place task. Robot manipulators are widely used in tele-manipulation systems on the account of their reliable, fast, and precise motions while they are subject to large delays. Using common control algorithms on such delay systems can cause not only poor control performance, but also catastrophic instability in engineering applications. Therefore, delays need to be compensated in designing robust control laws. As a case study, we focus on a 7-DOF Baxter manipulator subject to three different input delays. First, delay-free dynamic equations of the Baxter manipulator are derived using the Lagrangian method. Then, we formulate a predictor-based controller, in the presence of input delay, in order to track desired trajectories. Finally, the effects of input delays in the absence of a robust predictor are investigated, and then the performance of the predictor-based controller is experimentally evaluated to reveal robustness of the algorithm formulated. Simulation and experimental results demonstrate that the predictor-based controller effectively compensates input delays and achieves closed-loop stability.
Adaptive Control of a Two-Link Robot Using Batch Least-Square Identifier
We design a regulation-triggered adaptive controller for robot manipulators to efficiently estimate unknown parameters and to achieve asymptotic stability in the presence of coupled uncertainties. Robot manipulators are widely used in telemanipulation systems where they are subject to model and environmental uncertainties. Using conventional control algorithms on such systems can cause not only poor control performance, but also expensive computational costs and catastrophic instabilities. Therefore, system uncertainties need to be estimated through designing a computationally efficient adaptive control law. We focus on robot manipulators as an example of a highly nonlinear system. As a case study, a 2-DOF manipulator subject to four parametric uncertainties is investigated. First, the dynamic equations of the manipulator are derived, and the corresponding regressor matrix is constructed for the unknown parameters. For a general nonlinear system, a theorem is presented to guarantee the asymptotic stability of the system and the convergence of parameters’ estimations. Finally, simulation results are discussed for a two-link manipulator, and the performance of the proposed scheme is thoroughly evaluated.
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