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Title: A Pilot Study to Assess the Reliability of Sensing Joint Acoustic Emissions of the Wrist
Joint acoustic emission (JAE) sensing has recently proven to be a viable technique for non-invasive quantification indicating knee joint health. In this work, we adapt the acoustic emission sensing method to measure the JAEs of the wrist—another joint commonly affected by injury and degenerative disease. JAEs of seven healthy volunteers were recorded during wrist flexion-extension and rotation with sensitive uniaxial accelerometers placed at eight locations around the wrist. The acoustic data were bandpass filtered (150 Hz–20 kHz). The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was used to quantify the strength of the JAE signals in each recording. Then, nine audio features were extracted, and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (model 3,k), coefficients of variability (CVs), and Jensen–Shannon (JS) divergence were calculated to evaluate the interrater repeatability of the signals. We found that SNR ranged from 4.1 to 9.8 dB, intrasession and intersession ICC values ranged from 0.629 to 0.886, CVs ranged from 0.099 to 0.241, and JS divergence ranged from 0.18 to 0.20, demonstrating high JAE repeatability and signal strength at three locations. The volunteer sample size is not large enough to represent JAE analysis of a larger population, but this work will lay a foundation for future work in using wrist JAEs more » to aid in diagnosis and treatment tracking of musculoskeletal pathologies and injury in wearable systems. « less
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National Science Foundation
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