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Title: Synthesis, Spectroscopic Characterization and Applications of Tin Dioxide
Metal oxides are useful for the detection and sensing of combustible and toxic gases, and for use in lithium batteries and solar cells. The present study focuses on the spectroscopic investigation of commercial and in-house laboratory synthesized tetragonal tin dioxide (SnO2), aimed at studying its physical and chemical properties at nanoscale levels and in bulk. We have investigated the pure powder form and thin films prepared on two different types of substrate, silicon and UV-Quartz, each with five different thicknesses (i.e. 41, 78, 96.5, 373, and 908 nm). Raman spectroscopy with two different laser excitation wavelengths, namely 780 and 532 nm, has been used to investigate the various SnO2 vibrational modes. Thermal effects on the primary vibrational features in the Raman spectra have been studied in the range 30–170 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra have been recorded to confirm the rutile structure of tin dioxide and to obtain information on the spherical grain particle size of SnO2 with EDS analysis for the thin film samples. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images have been recorded in order to understand the morphology of the particles of SnO2 at the nanoscale level. In addition, FT-IR spectra have been obtained to study the IR-active vibrational modes for the bulk and thin film samples on the two substrates. Moreover, UV-VIS spectra have been employed to determine the energy band gap for the SnO2 film samples by an efficient process facilitated by a Tauc plot technique utilizing an in-house developed python script.  more » « less
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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ;
Mubarak, Nabisab M.; Walvekar, Rashmi; Arshid, Numan; and Khalid, Mohammad
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Chapter in Book: Contemporary Nanomaterials in Material Engineering Applications
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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