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Title: A Hardware-in-the-Loop Platform for DC Protection
Real-time (RT) simulation of power and energy conversion systems allows engineers to interface both simulation- and hardware-based controls using controller hardware-in-the-loop (CHiL) simulation of networks of power electronic converters (PECs) in order to de-risk highly developmental systems such as next generation electrified transportation systems and dc microgrids. CHiL exploration and performance verification moves a design from Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 3 to TRL 4 without incurring significant cost investments in developmental hardware platforms, which otherwise discourages such endeavors. A real-time CHiL simulation platform suitable for explorations of protective equipment, protection schemes and networked PEC dc and mixed dc-ac power distribution architectures must be capable of simulating common-mode behavior, various grounding schemes, and fault transients at sufficiently high resolution. This paper demonstrates this capability using a Latency-Based Linear Multistep Compound (LB-LMC) simulation method implemented in a commercially sustainable, adaptable and expandable FPGA-based test and instrumentation platform. The proposed CHiL platform achieves real-time power system simulations, including detailed switching commutations of networked PECs, with 50 ns resolution, and faithfully produces resonant and transient behaviors associated with line-to-ground (LG) and line-to-line (LL) faults and fault recovery in ungrounded PEC-based dc systems. This resolution in RT cannot be achieved with today’s commercial off-the-shelf CHiL platforms. This paper demonstrates the need for high resolution RT simulation of LG and LL faults within dc systems, and demonstrates a CHiL approach that enables dc protection design explorations and protective control hardware testing while taking into account the realistic aspects that affect fault characteristics in PEC-based dc systems, such as cable current rating and length, cable and PEC parasitic LG capacitance and PEC i...  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1939124
NSF-PAR ID:
10221396
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
ISSN:
2168-6777
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1 to 1
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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