17 O NMR and 15 N NMR chemical shifts of sterically-hindered amides: ground-state destabilization in amide electrophilicity
The structure and spectroscopic properties of the amide bond are a topic of fundamental interest in chemistry and biology. Herein, we report 17 O NMR and 15 N NMR spectroscopic data for four series of sterically-hindered acyclic amides. Despite the utility of 17 O NMR and 15 N NMR spectroscopy, these methods are severely underutilized in the experimental determination of electronic properties of the amide bond. The data demonstrate that a combined use of 17 O NMR and 15 N NMR serves as a powerful tool in assessing electronic effects of the amide bond substitution as a measure of electrophilicity of the amide bond. Notably, we demonstrate that steric destabilization of the amide bond results in electronically-activated amides that are comparable in terms of electrophilicity to acyl fluorides and carboxylic acid anhydrides.