- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 10909 to 10918
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Analysis of the conformational properties of amine ligands at the gold/water interface with QM, MM and QM/MM simulationsWe describe a strategy of integrating quantum mechanical (QM), hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) and MM simulations to analyze the physical properties of a solid/water interface. This protocol involves using a correlated ab initio (CCSD(T)) method to first calibrate Density Functional Theory (DFT) as the QM approach, which is then used in QM/MM simulations to compute relevant free energy quantities at the solid/water interface using a mean-field approximation of Yang et al. that decouples QM and MM thermal fluctuations; gas-phase QM/MM and periodic DFT calculations are used to determine the proper QM size in the QM/MM simulations. Finally, the QM/MM free energy results are compared with those obtained from MM simulations to directly calibrate the force field model for the solid/water interface. This protocol is illustrated by examining the orientations of an alkyl amine ligand at the gold/water interface, since the ligand conformation is expected to impact the chemical properties ( e.g. , charge) of the solid surface. DFT/MM and MM simulations using the INTERFACE force field lead to consistent results, suggesting that the effective gold/ligand interactions can be adequately described by a van der Waals model, while electrostatic and induction effects are largely quenched by solvation. The observed differencesmore »
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