Avoiding help avoidance: Using interface design changes to promote unsolicited hint usage in an intelligent tutor.
Within intelligent tutoring systems, considerable research has in-vestigated hints, including how to generate data-driven hints, what hint con-tent to present, and when to provide hints for optimal learning outcomes. How-ever, less attention has been paid to how hints are presented. In this paper, we propose a new hint delivery mechanism called “Assertions” for providing unsolicited hints in a data-driven intelligent tutor. Assertions are partially-worked example steps designed to appear within a student workspace, and in the same format as student-derived steps, to show students a possible subgoal leading to the solution. We hypothesized that Assertions can help address the well-knownmore »