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Title: Entire Theta Operators at Unramified Primes
Abstract Starting with the work of Serre, Katz, and Swinnerton-Dyer, theta operators have played a key role in the study of $p$-adic and $\textrm{mod}\; p$ modular forms and Galois representations. This paper achieves two main results for theta operators on automorphic forms on PEL-type Shimura varieties: (1) the analytic continuation at unramified primes $p$ to the whole Shimura variety of the $\textrm{mod}\; p$ reduction of $p$-adic Maass–Shimura operators a priori defined only over the $\mu $-ordinary locus, and (2) the construction of new $\textrm{mod}\; p$ theta operators that do not arise as the $\textrm{mod}\; p$ reduction of Maass–Shimura operators. While the main accomplishments of this paper concern the geometry of Shimura varieties and consequences for differential operators, we conclude with applications to Galois representations. Our approach involves a careful analysis of the behavior of Shimura varieties and enables us to obtain more general results than allowed by prior techniques, including for arbitrary signature, vector weights, and unramified primes in CM fields of arbitrary degree.
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International Mathematics Research Notices
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National Science Foundation
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