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Title: Oxazolochlorins 21. Most Efficient Access to meso-Tetraphenyl- and meso-Tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porpholactones, and Their Zinc(II) and Platinum(II) Complexes
meso-Phenyl- and meso-pentafluorophenyl-porpholactones, their metal complexes, as well as porphyrinoids directly derived from them are useful in a number of technical and biomedical applications, and more uses are expected to be discovered. About a dozen competing and complementary pathways toward their synthesis were reported. The suitability of the methods changes with the meso-aryl group and whether the free base or metal derivatives are sought. These circumstances make it hard for anyone outside of the field of synthetic porphyrin chemistry to ascertain which pathway is the best to produce which specific derivative. We report here on what we experimentally evaluated to be the most efficient pathways to generate the six key compounds from the commercially available porphyrins, meso-tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP) and meso-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin (TFPP): free base meso-tetraphenylporpholactone (TPL) and meso-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porpholactone (TFPL), and their platinum(II) and zinc(II) complexes TPLPt, TFPLPt, TPLZn, and TFPLZn, respectively. Detailed procedures are provided to make these intriguing molecules more readily available for their further study.  more » « less
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National Science Foundation
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  1. Abstract

    An intramolecular SNAr displacement of oneo‐fluorine atom of ameso‐pentafluorophenyl‐substituted porphyrin metal complex by a neighboring β‐amino functionality generated the correspondingmeso‐fluorophenyl‐substituted metallo‐quinolino[2,3,4‐at]porphyrins that are not accessible using established quinoline‐annulation methodologies. The Cu(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II) complexes were thus prepared. The parent free base quinolino[2,3,4‐at]porphyrin is accessible only by demetallation of the copper or zinc complexes. A strong through‐space NMR‐spectroscopic coupling between the remainingo‐fluorine atoms on the annulatedmeso‐aryl group and the β‐hydrogen atom on the adjacent pyrrole moiety provide a clear spectroscopic signature for the annulation. Quinoline‐annulation alters the optical properties significantly. On account of the presence of the β‐amino functionality, all quinoline‐annulated porphyrins show strong halochromic responses with Brønsted acids and bases, the prerequisite for their potential use in chemosensing applications.

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  2. The translation of the solution phase, base-induced formation of a chromene-annulated chlorin from the corresponding meso-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)-2,3-dihydroxychlorin using a mechanochemical approach (ball milling) is possible, but fraught with unexpectedly large difficulties associated with the grinding aids used. 
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  3. Abstract

    A series ofmeso‐substituted with aromatic (=tolyl, pyrenyl, fluorenyl, naphthyl, and triphenylamine) substituents, platinum (Pt), and palladium (Pd) porphyrins have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic and single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction studies to probe structure‐reactivity aspects on the electrochemical redox potentials, and phosphorescence quantum yields and lifetimes. In the X‐ray structures, the aromaticmeso‐substituents were rotated to some extent from the planarity of the porphyrin ring to minimize steric hindrance. Both Pt and Pd porphyrins revealed higher electrochemical redox gaps as compared to their free‐base porphyrin analogs as a result of the harder oxidation and reduction processes. The ability of both Pt and Pd porphyrins to generate singlet oxygen was probed by monitoring the photoluminescence of1O2at 1270 nm. Higher quantum yields for both triplet sensitizers compared to their free‐base analogs were witnessed. Singlet oxygen quantum yields close to unity were possible to achieve in the case of Pt and Pd porphyrins bearing triphenylamine substituents at themeso‐position. The present study brings out the importance of differentmeso‐substituents on the triplet porphyrin sensitizers in governing singlet oxygen quantum yields; a key property of photosensitizers needed for photodynamic therapy, chemical synthesis, and other pertinent applications.

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