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Crystal structure of cis -7,8-dihydroxy-5,10,15,20-tetraphenylchlorin and its zinc(II)–ethylenediamine complexThe title chlorin, 2 Ph H 2 , hydrogen-bonded to dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP), C 44 H 32 N 4 O 2 ·C 7 H 10 N 2 , and its corresponding zinc(II) complex, 2 Ph Zn , axially coordinated to ethylenediamine (EDA), [Zn(C 44 H 30 N 4 O 2 )]·C 2 H 8 N 2 , were isolated and crystallized by adventitious reduction of the corresponding osmate esters by DMAP and EDA, respectively. Known since 1996 and, inter alia , used for the preparation of a wide range of (planar and non-planar) chlorin analogues (so-called pyrrole-modified porphyrins), their conformational analyses in the solid state are important benchmarks. Both macrocycles are only modestly distorted from planarity and both are slightly more non-planar than the corresponding dimethoxy-derivative, but less planar than a free-base meso -pentafluorophenyl-based osmate ester. NSD analyses provide quantitative and qualitative analyses of the distortion modes. One origin of the non-planarity is presumably the avoidance of the eclipsed configuration of the two vic–cis diols on the pyrroline moiety; the resulting deformation of the pyrroline translates in some cases into the macrocycle. The structure of 2 Ph H 2 features voids making up ca 26% of the unit-cell volume filled withmore »
meso-tetra(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin, 1, is electrocatalytically active for hydrogen gas generation in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid.
Fe(II) coordination complexes with ligands of an intermediate field strength often show witching between the high-spin (HS) and low-spin (LS) electronic configurations, known as spin crossover (SCO). This spin-state conversion is achieved by changes in temperature, pressure, or photoexcitation, which make SCO complexes promising materials for various applications that rely on bistable systems. Multifunctional materials that exhibit both spin-state switching and conductivity can be created by combining Fe(II) SCO complexes with organic TCNQ-type electron acceptors. In such complexes, TCNQ●d– radical anions are typically arranged in layers of one-dimensional stacks that provide conducting pathways (Fig. 1). The stacking distance can be affected by structural changes induced by the alteration in the electronic configuration and, thus, bond lengths at the Fe(II) center, resulting in synergy between SCO and conductivity. The synthesis of such materials can be approached in two ways: (1) by coordinating TCNQ●d– ligands directly to the Fe(II) center, which is partially protected by blocking ligands that limit the growth of extended structures or (2) by co-crystallizing completely blocked Fe(II) centers with free TCNQ●d– radicals. We will discuss several examples of the second approach, in which homoleptic Fe(II) cationic SCO complexes with tridentate 2,6-bispyrazolyl-pyridine (bpp) type ligands have been co-crystallized withmore »
Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) exhibits new selection rule and sub-nanometer spatial resolution, which is attributed to the plasmonic near-field confinement. Despite recent advances in simulations of TERS spectra under highly confined fields, a simply physical mechanism has remained elusive. In this work we show that single-molecule TERS images can be explained by local sub-molecular density changes induced by the confined near-field during the Raman process. The local sub-molecular density changes determine the spatial resolution in TERS and the gradient-based selection rule. Using this approach we find that the four-fold symmetry of
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