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Title: Skillful Subseasonal Prediction of United States Extreme Warm Days and Standardized Precipitation Index in Boreal Summer
Abstract Skillful subseasonal prediction of extreme heat and precipitation greatly benefits multiple sectors, including water management, public health, and agriculture, in mitigating the impact of extreme events. A statistical model is developed to predict the weekly frequency of extreme warm days and 14-day standardized precipitation index (SPI) during boreal summer in the United States (US). We use a leading principal component of US soil moisture and an index based on the North Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) as predictors. The model outperforms the NCEP’s Climate Forecast System version 2 (CFSv2) at weeks 3-4 in the eastern US. It is found that the North Pacific SST anomalies persist several weeks and are associated with a persistent wave train pattern (WTZ500), which leads to increased occurrences of blocking and extreme temperature over the eastern US. Extreme dry soil moisture conditions persist into week 4 and are associated with an increase in sensible heat flux and decrease in latent heat flux, which may help maintain the overlying anticyclone. The clear sky conditions associated with blocking anticyclones further decrease soil moisture conditions and increase the frequency of extreme warm days. This skillful statistical model has the potential to aid in irrigation scheduling, crop planning, reservoir operation, and provide mitigation of impacts from extreme heat events.  more » « less
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Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Climate
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1 to 34
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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