A Physical Basis for the H-band Blue-edge Velocity and Light-curve Shape Correlation in Context of Type Ia Supernova Explosion Physics
Our recent work demonstrates a correlation between the high-velocity blue edge, vedge, of the ironpeak Fe/Co/Ni H-band emission feature and the optical light curve shape of normal, transitional and sub-luminous type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia). We explain this correlation in terms of SN Ia physics. vedge corresponds to the sharp transition between the complete and incomplete silicon burning regions in the ejecta. It measures the point in velocity space where the outer 56Ni mass fraction, XNi, falls to the order of 0.03-0.10. For a given 56Ni mass, M(56Ni), vedge is sensitive to the speci c kinetic energy Ekin(M(56Ni)=MWD) of the corresponding region. Combining vedge with light curve parameters (i.e., sBV , m15;s in B and V ) allows us to distinguish between explosion scenarios. The correlation between vedge and light-curve shape is consistent with explosion models near the Chandrasekhar limit. However, the available sub-MCh WD explosion model based on SN 1999by exhibits velocities which are too large to explain the observations. Finally, the sub-luminous SN 2015bo exhibits signatures of a dynamical merger of two WDs demonstrating diversity among explosion scenarios at the faint end of the SNe Ia population.