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Title: Respiratory Feature Extraction for Radar-Based Continuous Identity Authentication
Radar is an attractive approach for identity authentication because it requires no contact and is unobtrusive. Most reported results have focused only on sedentary breathing patterns, without considering how respiratory patterns may change due to physiological activities or emotional stress. In this research the feasibility of extracting identifying features from radar respiratory traces was tested, for sedentary subject conditions as well as just after performing physiological activities (walking upstairs). Respiratory breathing dynamics related features (breathing rate, spectral entropy, breathing depth, inhale/exhale area ratio, mean and standard deviation of the peaks) were extracted from radar captured respiration patterns, and variations in feature parameters after physiological activities were assessed. Experimental results demonstrated that, after short exertions dynamically segmented respiratory pattern exhale area and breathing depth increased by more than 1.4 times for all participants, which made evident the uniqueness of residual heart volume after expiration for recognizing each subject even after short exertions. Our proposed approach is also integrated with a Support Vector Machine (SVM) with a radial basis function kernel to demonstrate an identification success rate of almost 98.55% for sedentary-only conditions and almost 92% for a combined mixture of conditions (sedentary and after short exertion). While the efficacy was reduced, more » the method still shows significant potential. The proposed identity authentication approach has several potential applications including security/surveillance, IOT applications, virtual reality and health monitoring as well. « less
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Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
2020 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
119 to 122
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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