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Title: Methylation studies in Peromyscus: aging, altitude adaptation, and monogamy

DNA methylation-based biomarkers of aging have been developed for humans and many other mammals and could be used to assess how stress factors impact aging. Deer mice (Peromyscus) are long-living rodents that have emerged as an informative model to study aging, adaptation to extreme environments, and monogamous behavior. In the present study, we have undertaken an exhaustive, genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation inPeromyscus, spanning different species, stocks, sexes, tissues, and age cohorts. We describe DNA methylation-based estimators of age for different species of deer mice based on novel DNA methylation data generated on highly conserved mammalian CpGs measured with a custom array. The multi-tissue epigenetic clock for deer mice was trained on 3 tissues (tail, liver, and brain). Two human-Peromyscusclocks accurately measure age and relative age, respectively. We present CpGs and enriched pathways that relate to different conditions such as chronological age, high altitude, and monogamous behavior. Overall, this study provides a first step towards studying the epigenetic correlates of monogamous behavior and adaptation to high altitude inPeromyscus. The human-Peromyscusepigenetic clocks are expected to provide a significant boost to the attractiveness ofPeromyscusas a biological model.

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Award ID(s):
1755670 1736150 2105999
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
p. 447-461
Springer Science + Business Media
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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