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Title: The influence of snow on sea ice as assessed from simulations of CESM2
Abstract. We assess the influence of snow on sea ice in experimentsusing the Community Earth System Model version 2 for a preindustrial and a2xCO2 climate state. In the preindustrial climate, we find that increasingsimulated snow accumulation on sea ice results in thicker sea ice and acooler climate in both hemispheres. The sea ice mass budget response differsfundamentally between the two hemispheres. In the Arctic, increasing snowresults in a decrease in both congelation sea ice growth and surface sea icemelt due to the snow's impact on conductive heat transfer and albedo,respectively. These factors dominate in regions of perennial ice but have asmaller influence in seasonal ice areas. Overall, the mass budget changeslead to a reduced amplitude in the annual cycle of ice thickness. In theAntarctic, with increasing snow, ice growth increases due to snow–iceformation and is balanced by larger basal ice melt, which primarily occursin regions of seasonal ice. In a warmer 2xCO2 climate, the Arctic sea icesensitivity to snow depth is small and reduced relative to that of thepreindustrial climate. In contrast, in the Antarctic, the sensitivity tosnow on sea ice in the 2xCO2 climate is qualitatively similar to thesensitivity in the preindustrial climate. These results underscore theimportance of accurately more » representing snow accumulation on sea ice incoupled Earth system models due to its impact on a number of competingprocesses and feedbacks that affect the melt and growth of sea ice. « less
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Award ID(s):
2034919 1503689 1724467
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
The Cryosphere
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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