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Title: Soil respiration from the Ice Storm Experiment (ISE) at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest
Abstract
An ice storm simulation was performed at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest to evaluate impacts of these extreme weather events on northern hardwood forests. Water was pumped from theMore>>
Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher:
Environmental Data Initiative
Publication Year:
NSF-PAR ID:
10317025
Award ID(s):
1637685
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. Abstract
    An ice storm simulation was performed at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest to evaluate impacts of these extreme weather events on northern hardwood forests. Water was pumped from the main branch of Hubbard Brook and sprayed above the forest canopy in subfreezing conditions so that it rained down and froze on contact with trees. The experiment included five ice storm intensities (0, 6.4, 12.7 and 19.1 mm radial ice accretion) applied in a single year, and one ice storm intensity (12.7 mm) applied in two consecutive years. Samples of soil solution chemistry were collected with lysimeters throughout the year before and after the ice was applied. These data were gathered as part of the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (HBES). The HBES is a collaborative effort at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, which is operated and maintained by the USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station.
  2. Abstract
    The ice storm experiment was a novel experimental approach creating a suite of ice storms in a mature hardwood forest in New Hampshire, USA. The experiment included five ice storm intensities (0, 6.4, 12.7, and 19.1 mm radial ice accretion) applied in a single year, and one ice storm intensity (12.7 mm) applied in two consecutive years. This dataset quantifies the coarse woody debris transferred from the forest canopy to the soil under the different icing conditions. In this forest, little damage occurred below 6.4 mm radial ice accretion, moderate damage occurred with up to 12.7 mm of accretion, and significant branch breakage and canopy damage occurred with 19.1 mm of ice. The icing in consecutive years demonstrated an interactive effect of ice storm frequency and severity such that some branches damaged in the first year of icing appeared to remain in the canopy and then fall to the ground in the second year of icing. These results have implications for National Weather Service ice storm warning levels, and they provide a quantitative assessment of ice-load related inputs of forest debris that will be useful to municipalities creating response plans for current and future ice storms. These data wereMore>>
  3. Abstract
    To evaluate the effects of ice storm disturbance on forest canopy structure and complexity terrestrial lidar data were collected within the Hubbard Brook Ice Storm Experiment plots starting in 2015 (prior to ice treatment) and annually thereafter. Data were collected using a ground-based portable canopy lidar (PCL) system during the growing season in August of each year along 5 permanently marked 30 m transects in each 20 x 30 m ISE plot. These data were gathered as part of the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (HBES). The HBES is a collaborative effort at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, which is operated and maintained by the USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station.
  4. Abstract
    Fine litterfall (leaves, twigs, fruits, seeds, etc.) is collected in Watershed 1, Watershed 5, the Throughfall plots and the Bear Brook Watershed reference forest, located to the west of Watershed 6, to quantify carbon and nutrient flux associated with this important pathway. In addition, measurements of area per leaf are combined with counts of leaves for each tree species to quantify leaf area index of the forest. These measurements have facilitated quantification of ice storm effects and species declines (paper birch, sugar maple). These data were gathered as part of the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (HBES). The HBES is a collaborative effort at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, which is operated and maintained by the USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station.
  5. Abstract
    Mirror Lake is located within the Hubbard Brook Valley, NH and has been the subject of numerous continuous limnological investigations since the early 1960s. The long-term Mirror Lake record is part of the Hubbard Brook Watershed Ecosystem Record (HBWatER), which is a long-term record of weekly sampling of nine-gaged watersheds at HB and includes the stream draining Mirror Lake. This data set reports ice cover, ice in and ice out data beginning in 1968 and continuing through the present. The collection and management of the long-term record was initiated in 1963 by Gene E. Likens, F. Herbert Bormann, Robert S. Pierce, and Noye M. Johnson. HBWatER is currently sustained by Tammy Wooster (Cary IES) and Jeff Merriam (USFS) and the dataset is curated and maintained by a team of researchers: Emma Rosi (Cary IES), Emily Bernhardt (Duke), Lindsey Rustad (USFS), John Campbell (USFS), Bill McDowell (UNH), Charley Driscoll (Syracuse U.), Mark Green (Case Western), and Scott Bailey (USFS). Current Financial Support for HBWatER is provided by NSF LTREB # 1907683 and the USDA Forest Service Northern Research Station. These data were gathered as part of the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (HBES). The HBES is a collaborative effort at theMore>>